Rachel E. Down

Learn More
Transgenic wheat plants containing the gene encoding snowdrop lectin (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin; GNA) under the control of constitutive and phloem-specific promoters were generated through the particle bombardment method. Thirty-two independently derived plants were subjected to molecular and biochemical analyses. Transgene integration varied from one to(More)
Aphid parasitoids are important biological control agents. The possibility arises that whilst foraging on insect-resistant transgenic plants, they are themselves at risk from direct and indirect effects of the expression of a transgene used to control the pest species. A liquid artificial diet was successfully used to deliver the snowdrop lectin (Galanthus(More)
Tritrophic interactions between transgenic potato expressing the insecticidal lectin from snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin; GNA), an aphid pest, Myzus persicae (Sulz.), and a beneficial predator, the 2-spot ladybird (Adalia bipunctata L.) were investigated. Clonal plants expressing GNA at 0.1–0.2% total soluble protein in leaves were used. No(More)
Cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI) was shown to have a deleterious effect on the growth and development of larvae of the tomato moth, Lacanobia oleracea, when incorporated in artificial diet (2.0% of soluble protein) and expressed in transgenic potato leaf (up to 1.0% of soluble protein). The effect of CpTI on parasitism of L oleracea by the ectoparasitoid(More)
Aphids are major insect pests of cereal crops, acting as virus vectors as well as causing direct damage. The responses of wheat to infestation by cereal aphid (Sitobion avenae) were investigated in a proteomic analysis. Approximately, 500 protein spots were reproducibly detected in the extracts from leaves of wheat seedlings after extraction and 2-DE.(More)
The oral toxicity of the C-type allatostatin, Manduca sexta allatostatin (Manse-AS) and the analogue δR³δR⁵Manse-AS, where R residues were replaced by their D-isomers, were tested against the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae by incorporation into an artificial diet. Both peptides had significant dose-dependent effects on mortality, growth, and fecundity(More)
Drosophila suzukii is a highly polyphagous invasive pest which has been recently introduced into Europe and North America, where it is causing severe economic losses through larval infestations of stone and berry fruits. The peptidome of the selected nervous tissues of adult D. suzukii was investigated as a first step in identifying potential targets for(More)
The SFI1/GNA fusion protein, comprising of snowdrop lectin (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin, GNA) fused to an insecticidal spider venom neurotoxin (Segestria florentina toxin 1, SFI1) was tested for toxicity against the rice brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) and the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer) by incorporation into artificial diets.(More)
The peptidome of the central nervous system of adult cabbage root fly, Delia radicum (L) was investigated using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Over twenty neuropeptides were identified from three different tissue sources, the combined brain/suboesophageal ganglion (SOG), the retrocerebral(More)
Two-spot ladybird (Adalia bipunctata L.) larvae were fed on aphids (Myzus persicae (Sulz.)) which had been loaded with snowdrop lectin (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin; GNA) by feeding on artificial diet containing the protein. Treatment with GNA significantly decreased the growth of aphids. No acute toxicity of GNA-containing aphids towards the ladybird(More)