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The zebrafish has been a popular subject of embryology and genetic research for the past three decades. Recently, however, the interest in its neurobiology and behavior has also increased. Nevertheless, compared to other model organisms, e.g., rodents, zebrafish behavior is understudied and very few behavioral paradigms exist for mutation or drug screening(More)
While zebrafish may be a useful behavioral model of human anxiety, it is not obvious which behaviors are accurate measures of anxiety in zebrafish. Beginning with the premise that the most fundamental indicator of fear is avoidance, the goal of the current study was to determine which behaviors are systematically observed in the presence of an avoided(More)
Alterations of body sway caused by isometric contractions of the jaw muscles have been reported previously. The objective of this study was to test if motor tasks of the masticatory system with different control demands affect body posture differently during quiet stance. Position and sway displacements of the center of foot pressure (COP) were measured for(More)
Ethanol has been suggested to have an anxiolytic effect on zebrafish, primarily based on its disruption of the novel tank diving response and of some social behaviors. The light/dark preference test offers a complementary measure of anxiety-like behavior in fish, and the purpose of the current study was to determine the effects of acute ethanol exposure on(More)
Taurine (TAU) is an amino sulfonic acid that plays protective roles against neurochemical impairments induced by ethanol (EtOH). Mounting evidence shows the applicability of zebrafish for evaluating locomotor parameters and anxiety-like behavioral phenotypes after EtOH exposure in a large scale manner. In this study, we assess the effects of TAU(More)
Spatial cognition is typically examined in non-human animals from the perspective of learning and memory. For this reason, spatial tasks are often constrained by the time necessary for training or the capacity of the animal’s short-term memory. A spatial task with limited learning and memory demands could allow for more efficient study of some aspects of(More)
The open tank paradigm, also known as novel tank diving test, is a protocol used to evaluate the zebrafish behavior. Several characteristics have been described for this species, including scototaxis, which is the natural preference for dark environments in detriment of bright ones. However, there is no evidence regarding the influence of "natural stimuli"(More)
Cerebral hypoxia-ischemia can lead to motor and sensory impairments which can be dependent on the extent of infarcted regions. Since a better understanding of the neurochemical mechanisms involved in this injury is needed, the use of zebrafish as a cerebral hypoxia model has become quite promising because it could improve the knowledge about(More)
Neuromuscular adaptations during skill acquisition have been extensively investigated for skeletal muscles. Motor rehabilitation is the main target for application of motor training. Such measures are also relevant for the musculature of the jaw, but few data are available for motor adaptation of the masticatory system. The objective of this study was to(More)
The zebrafish has been popular in developmental biology and genetics, but its brain function has rarely been studied. High-throughput screening of mutation or drug-induced changes in brain function requires simple and automatable behavioral tests. This article compares three behavioral quantification methods in four simple behavioral paradigms that test a(More)