Rachel C. Thornton

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In patients with medically refractory focal epilepsy who are candidates for epilepsy surgery, concordant non-invasive neuroimaging data are useful to guide invasive electroencephalographic recordings or surgical resection. Simultaneous electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging recordings can reveal regions of haemodynamic fluctuations(More)
OBJECTIVE Surgical treatment of focal epilepsy in patients with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is most successful if all epileptogenic tissue is resected. This may not be evident on structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), so intracranial electroencephalography (icEEG) is needed to delineate the seizure onset zone (SOZ). EEG-functional MRI (fMRI) can(More)
BACKGROUND The main challenge in assessing patients with epilepsy for resective surgery is localising seizure onset. Frequently, identification of the irritative and seizure onset zones requires invasive EEG. EEG correlated functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) is a novel imaging technique which may provide localising information with regard to these regions. In(More)
BACKGROUND Generalised spike wave (GSW) discharges are the electroencephalographic (EEG) hallmark of absence seizures, clinically characterised by a transitory interruption of ongoing activities and impaired consciousness, occurring during states of reduced awareness. Several theories have been proposed to explain the pathophysiology of GSW discharges and(More)
BACKGROUND Simultaneous EEG-fMRI can reveal haemodynamic changes associated with epileptic activity which may contribute to understanding seizure onset and propagation. METHODS Nine of 83 patients with focal epilepsy undergoing pre-surgical evaluation had seizures during EEG-fMRI and analysed using three approaches, two based on the general linear model(More)
Simultaneous EEG-fMRI acquisitions in patients with epilepsy often reveal distributed patterns of Blood Oxygen Level Dependant (BOLD) change correlated with epileptiform discharges. We investigated if electrical source imaging (ESI) performed on the interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) acquired during fMRI acquisition could be used to study the dynamics(More)
In epilepsy patients who have electrodes implanted in their brains as part of their pre-surgical assessment, simultaneous intracranial EEG and fMRI (icEEG-fMRI) may provide important localising information and improve understanding of the underlying neuropathology. However, patient safety during icEEG-fMRI has not been addressed. Here the potential health(More)
INTRODUCTION EEG-correlated fMRI (EEG-fMRI) studies can reveal haemodynamic changes associated with Interictal Epileptic Discharges (IED). Methodological improvements are needed to increase sensitivity and specificity for localising the epileptogenic zone. We investigated whether the estimated EEG source activity improved models of the BOLD changes in(More)
Ictal patterns on scalp-electroencephalography are often visible only after propagation, therefore rendering localization of the seizure onset zone challenging. We hypothesized that mapping haemodynamic changes before and during seizures using simultaneous video-electroencephalography and functional imaging will improve the localization of the seizure onset(More)
RATIONALE To improve the sensitivity and specificity of simultaneous electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) it is prudent to devise modelling strategies explaining the residual variance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential value of including additional regressors for physiological activities,(More)