Rachel C. Pike

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BACKGROUND Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae with resistance to carbapenem conferred by New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (NDM-1) are potentially a major global health problem. We investigated the prevalence of NDM-1, in multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in India, Pakistan, and the UK. METHODS Enterobacteriaceae isolates were studied from two major(More)
OBJECTIVES During 2003, the Health Protection Agency's Antibiotic Resistance Monitoring and Reference Laboratory began to receive isolates of Escherichia coli for confirmation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase production with a phenotype implying a CTX-M-type beta-lactamase, i.e. MICs of cefotaxime > or = 8-fold higher than MICs of ceftazidime. Many were(More)
ISAba1 was found in all widespread clones of Acinetobacter baumannii in the United Kingdom. All isolates studied had a blaOXA-51-like carbapenemase gene; some also had blaOXA-23-like and/or blaOXA-58-like. Among isolates with blaOXA-51-like as sole carbapenemase gene, only those with ISAba1 adjacent to blaOXA-51-like were carbapenem resistant. Minor(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize UK clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae producing OXA-48-like carbapenemases and to compare their resistance plasmids. METHODS Twenty-six enterobacteria producing OXA-48-like enzymes were studied. These were from 22 diverse hospitals in the UK. Isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were assigned to clonal(More)
From late 2003 to the end of 2005, the Health Protection Agency's national reference laboratories received approximately 1,600 referrals of Acinetobacter spp., including 419 and 58 examples, respectively, of two carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii lineages, designated OXA-23 clones 1 and 2. Representatives of these clones were obtained from 40 and(More)
The emergence of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae is a serious public health concern. Producers have been repeatedly isolated from patients and long-term care facility (LTCF) residents around Bolzano, and we sought to assess their prevalence and clinical impact. All routine Enterobacteriaceae isolates from a Bolzano tertiary-care(More)
BACKGROUND The global accumulation of Escherichia coli with CTX-M extended-spectrum β-lactamases partly reflects the dissemination of clonal lineages, notably ST131 and ST405. More recently, E. coli have emerged that produce NDM carbapenemase. We sought to determine the clonal diversity of E. coli with this enzyme from English hospitals, and to compare them(More)
OBJECTIVES The UK, like other countries worldwide, has a growing problem with CTX-M beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli. Five major clonally related strains have been identified among CTX-M-15 producers. We characterize here the plasmids from clonal strains A and D. METHODS Plasmids were extracted and transformed into E. coli DH5alpha; conjugative(More)
Acinetobacter isolates associated with casualties from the Iraq conflict from the United States were compared with those from the United Kingdom by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and integron analysis. Representatives of the main outbreak strain associated with casualties from both countries were indistinguishable in DNA profile. Two further outbreak(More)
Achromobacter xylosoxidans is an emerging pathogen among patients with cystic fibrosis. Here we describe a specific PCR for identification of this organism, based on detection of bla(OXA-114-like). Comparison of isolates by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed evidence of cross-infection in some cases, but most patients harbored their own strain.