Rachel Brathwaite

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OBJECTIVE To systematically review current smoking prevalence among adults in sub-Saharan Africa from 2007 to May 2014 and to describe the context of tobacco control strategies in these countries. DATA SOURCES Five databases, Medline, Embase, Africa-wide Information, Cinahl Plus, and Global Health were searched using a systematic search strategy. There(More)
OBJECTIVE There has been little inquiry addressing whether or not concerns about adverse effects of energy drink usage are relevant in the Caribbean. This survey investigated energy drink usage and adverse consequences among tertiary level students in Trinidad and Tobago. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of 1994 students from eight institutions was(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the patterns of alcohol use among households in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) and to estimate the association between alcohol use and negative psychological, social, or physical events experienced by the household. METHODS A convenience sample of 1837 households across T&T. We identified bivariate correlates of alcohol use, and heavy(More)
OBJECTIVES Data exploring how much of the ethnic differences in smoking prevalence and former smoking are explained by socioeconomic status (SES) are lacking. We therefore assessed ethnic differences in smoking prevalence and former smoking and the contribution of both educational level and occupational-related SES to the observed ethnic differences in(More)
The present research aimed to investigate: 1. How well prepared the student thought they were for their first visit to a health centre 2. What had they done to enhance their preparedness 3. How confident they felt they were to ask the required questions 4. The student’s opinion about the extent to which two courses taken prior to the community visit had(More)
BACKGROUND Although the prevalence of smoking is low in Ghana, little is known about the effect of migration on smoking. Comparing Ghanaians living in their country of origin to those living in Europe offers an opportunity to investigate smoking by location of residence and the associations between smoking behaviours and migration-related factors. METHODS(More)
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