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Leishmania infantum and Leishmania donovani both pertain to the L. (L.) donovani complex and are responsible for visceral leishmaniasis. To explore the L. donovani complex, we focused our study on cysteine protease B (cpb) and especially on 2 cpb copies: cpbE and cpbF. We selected cpb genes because of their phylogenetic interest and host-parasite(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis is characterised by an important clinical diversity. Although Trypanosoma brucei gambiense field stocks isolated from patients in the same focus did not exhibit apparent genetic variability, they showed marked differences in terms of virulence (capacity to multiply inside a host) and pathogenicity (ability of producing(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been demonstrated to be the principal effector molecule mediating intracellular killing of Leishmania, both in vitro and in vivo. We investigated the type of cell death process induced by NO for the intracellular amastigote stage of the protozoa Leishmania. Specific detection methods revealed a rapid and extensive cell death with(More)
BACKGROUND Majority of individuals with history of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) exhibit strong immunity to re-infection, however, the mechanism of resistance is poorly understood. It is unclear whether CD8(+) T cells contribute to protection against Leishmania donovani infection through cytotoxic activity. The present study aims to evaluate immunological(More)
So far, research on trypanosomatid infections has been driven by 'disease by disease' approaches, leading to different concepts and control strategies. It is, however, increasingly clear that they share common features such as the ability to generate long-lasting asymptomatic infections in their mammalian hosts. Trypanotolerance, long integrated in animal(More)
PSA (Promastigote Surface Antigen) belongs to a family of membrane-bound and secreted proteins present in several Leishmania (L.) species. PSA is recognized by human Th1 cells and provides a high degree of protection in vaccinated mice. We evaluated humoral and cellular immune responses induced by a L. amazonensis PSA protein (LaPSA-38S) produced in a L.(More)
Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is a chronic dermal complication that occurs usually after recovery from visceral leishmaniasis (VL). The disease manifests into macular, papular and/or nodular clinical types with mono- or polymorphic presentations. Here, we investigated differences in immunological response between these two distinct clinical(More)
In West Africa, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, causing human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), is associated with a great diversity of infection outcomes. In addition to patients who can be diagnosed in the early hemolymphatic phase (stage 1) or meningoencephalitic phase (stage 2), a number of individuals can mount long-lasting specific serological responses(More)
We have previously demonstrated that sera from dogs vaccinated with excreted/secreted antigens (ESA) of Leishmania infantum promastigotes (LiESAp) mainly recognized an immunodominant antigen of 54 kDa. An anti-LiESAp-specific IgG2 humoral response was observed and associated to Th1-type response in vaccinated dogs. This response was highly correlated with a(More)
is 12 million people. Most of the affected countries are in the tropics and subtropics: more than 90% of the world's cases of Leishmania parasites are responsible for cutaneous forms as well as visceral forms of the disease. Healing or progression of this infection is related to the genetic and immune status of the host, the virulence and pathogenicity of(More)