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Absence seizures are 5-10 s episodes of impaired consciousness accompanied by 3-4 Hz generalized spike-and-wave discharge on electroencephalography (EEG). The time course of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) changes in absence seizures in relation to EEG and behavior is not known. We acquired simultaneous EEG-fMRI in 88 typical childhood absence(More)
OBJECTIVE The fundamental mechanisms by which childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) changes neural networks even between seizures remain poorly understood. During seizures, cortical and subcortical networks exhibit bihemspheric synchronous activity based on prior EEG-fMRI studies. Our aim was to investigate whether this abnormal bisynchrony may extend to the(More)
PURPOSE Absence seizures cause transient impairment of consciousness. Typical absence seizures occur in children, and are accompanied by 3-4-Hz spike-wave discharges (SWDs) on electroencephalography (EEG). Prior EEG-functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of SWDs have shown a network of cortical and subcortical changes during these electrical(More)
Patients with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) often demonstrate impaired interictal attention, even with control of their seizures. No previous study has investigated the brain networks involved in this impairment. We used the continuous performance task (CPT) of attentional vigilance and the repetitive tapping task (RTT), a control motor task, to examine(More)
Absence seizures are 5–10 s episodes of impaired consciousness accompanied by 3– 4 Hz generalized spike-and-wave discharge on electroencephalography (EEG). The time course of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) changes in absence seizures in relation to EEG and behavior is not known. We acquired simultaneous EEG–fMRI in 88 typical childhood absence(More)
The current study examined the specific types of attention-related problems children with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) experience and the role of disease factors in the development of attention-related problems. Thirty-eight subjects with CAE and 46 healthy controls, aged 6 to 16, participated in the study. The Behavior Assessment System for Children(More)
  • R J Berman
  • 1978
A 17-yr-old female, classified as retarded educable, was found to have uncorrected visual acuity of 20/800 in both eyes, unimproved by a pinhole disc. A low myopic correction determined objectively did not improve her visual acuity. Tangent-screen studies uncovered neurasthenic spiral fields superimposed on hysterical tubular contractions of both eyes.(More)
Studies generally indicate that excretion of sodium, potassium, and water is greater during the day than during the night. To determine whether hypertensive patients exhibit this same pattern of excretion, diurnal variations in excretion of sodium, potassium, creatinine, and water were examined in 107 hypertensive men and women from a clinical trial on(More)
The Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP) was established by the University of Leeds and the London School of Economics and Political Science in 2008 to advance public and private action on climate change through innovative, rigorous research. The Centre is funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council and has five inter-linked(More)
A wide range of cognitive-behavioral sequelae, including memory deficits, results from hard metal disease in humans. Cobalt is a common component in the manufacture of hard metals and is a biologically active, toxic substance. This study examined the effects of cobalt exposure in rats. Results showed decreased exploratory behavior and a trend for(More)