Rachel A Ross

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Atherogenesis is a disorder of the artery wall that involves: adhesion of monocytes and lymphocytes to the endothelial cell surface; migration of monocytes into the sub-endothelial space and differentiation into macrophages; ingestion of low density lipoproteins and modified or oxidised low density lipoproteins by macrophages by several pathways, including(More)
OBJECTIVE A selective rise in hypothalamic lipid metabolism and the subsequent activation of SUR1/Kir6.2 ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels inhibit hepatic glucose production. The mechanisms that link the ability of hypothalamic lipid metabolism to the activation of K(ATP) channels remain unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS To examine whether(More)
Acidogenesis and solventogenesis byClostridium beijerinckii NRRL B-593 has been studied in batch growth, and in sucrose-limited chemostat and recycling fermentor growth. Cells grown in batch culture without pH control primarily produced either butyric and acetic acids, or these acids plus butanol, ethanol and isopropanol in ratios depending on the medium's(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of bacterial sepsis and meningitis among neonates. While the capsular polysaccharide (CPS) is an important virulence factor of GBS, other cell surface components, such as C proteins, may also play a role in GBS disease. CPS production by GBS type III strain M781 was greater when cells were held at a fast(More)
Little systematic information is available concerning the association between adolescent drug usage and other forms of behavior. The present study addressed this issue. Two hundred and thirty-one adolescents completed questionnaires concerning their use of drugs (alcohol, tobacco, pain-killers, marijuana, etc.). Factor analysis of endorsements of a broad(More)
Rapid and stable control of pupil size in response to light is critical for vision, but the neural coding mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we investigated the neural basis of pupil control by monitoring pupil size across time while manipulating each photoreceptor input or neurotransmitter output of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells(More)
AIMS Cannabinoids are known to control energy homeostasis. Atypical cannabinoids produce pharmacological effects via unidentified targets. We sought to investigate whether the atypical cannabinoid O-1602 controls food intake and body weight. METHODS The rats were injected acutely or subchronically with O-1602, and the expression of several factors(More)
The effect of O(2) and CO(2) on expression of toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1) by Staphylococcus aureus was investigated under controlled growth conditions with continuous-culture techniques. To stimulate TSST-1 production, air and anaerobic gas were premixed before delivery to the culture vessel. At a growth rate-or mass doubling time (t(d))-of 3 h,(More)
The capsular polysaccharide (CPS) of group B streptococci (GBS) is an important virulence factor that also serves to protect cells from nonspecific host defense mechanisms. Expression of CPS by GBS, as with other encapsulated bacterial pathogens, is not constitutive but varies during growth in vitro and in primary cultures isolated from different sites of(More)
Our objective was to investigate whether the direct bilateral infusion of the monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) oleic acid (OA) within the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) is sufficient to reproduce the effect of administration of OA (30 nmol) in the third cerebral ventricle, which inhibits glucose production (GP) in rats. We used the pancreatic basal insulin(More)