Rachel A Pollock

Learn More
For survival, embryonic motoneurons in vertebrates depend on as yet undefined neurotrophic factors present in the limb bud. Members of the neurotrophin family are currently the best candidates for such neurotrophic factors, but inactivation of their receptor genes leads to only partial loss of motoneurons, which suggests that other factors are involved.(More)
A nuclear encoded mitochondrial heat-shock protein hsp60 is required for the assembly into oligomeric complexes of proteins imported into the mitochondrial matrix. hsp60 is a member of the 'chaperonin' class of protein factors, which include the Escherichia coli groEL protein and the Rubisco subunit-binding protein of chloroplasts.
The muscle-derived factors required for survival of embryonic motoneurons are not clearly identified. Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a cytokine related to ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), is expressed at high levels in embryonic limb bud and is secreted by differentiated myotubes. In vitro, CT-1 kept 43% of purified E14 rat motoneurons alive for 2 weeks (EC50 =(More)
We have used in situ hybridization to visualize cells in the developing rat retina and optic nerve that express mRNAs encoding the A and B chains of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-A and PDGF-B), and the alpha and beta subunits of the PDGF receptor (PDGF-alpha R and PDGF-beta R). We have also visualized PDGF-A protein in these tissues by(More)
The survival of central neurons depends on multiple neurotrophic factors produced by different cell types. We demonstrate that media conditioned by muscle and Schwann cell lines show strong synergistic effects on survival of purified embryonic day 14.5 rat motoneurons in culture. Different lines of evidence implicate glial cell line-derived neurotrophic(More)
Human beings are by nature social animals, but for some, social scrutiny is a source of extreme anguish. Those with social phobia, for example, suffer excessive and often disabling concern about potential and real social-evaluative threat. As new and effective therapies for this condition are pursued, there is a simultaneous movement to extend the(More)
Muscle-derived factors are known to be important for the survival of developing spinal motoneurons, but the molecules involved have not been characterized. Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) plays an important role in muscle development and motoneuron axon outgrowth. We show that HGF/SF has potent neurotrophic activity (EC50=2 pM) for a(More)
Glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a potent survival factor for central and peripheral neurons, and is essential for the development of kidneys and the enteric nervous system. Despite the potential clinical and physiological importance of GDNF, its mechanism of action is unknown. Here we show that physiological responses to GDNF require(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) consists of disulfide-linked homo- or heterodimers of A and B chains. mRNA encoding the A chain (PDGF-A) occurs in two versions that differ by the presence or absence of a single short exon. These alternatively-spliced mRNAs encode polypeptides that differ in length by fifteen amino acids. The longer isoform (PDGF-AL)(More)
Examined the associations of adolescents' self-reported anxiety sensitivity with semi-structured, interview-based anxiety and depressive symptoms and anxiety disorders. The sample included 121 adolescents and their parents who participated in a larger epidemiological, high-risk family study of substance abuse and anxiety disorders (Merikangas, Dierker, &(More)