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Using CHO cells stably transfected with rat mu-opioid receptor cDNA, we show that the mu-agonists morphine and [D-Ala2,N-methyl-Phe4,Gly-ol5]enkephalin are negatively coupled to adenylylcyclase and inhibit forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation. Chronic exposure of cells to morphine leads to the rapid development of tolerance. Withdrawal of morphine or(More)
It has been known for some time that chronic treatment of neuronal cells and tissues with opioids, contrary to their acute effect, leads to an increase in cAMP accumulation. This phenomenon, defined as adenylyl cyclase superactivation, has been implicated in opiate addiction, yet the mechanism by which it is induced remains unclear. Here, we show that this(More)
A putative endogenous cannabinoid ligand, arachidonylethanolamide (termed "anandamide"), was isolated recently from porcine brain. Here we demonstrate that this compound is a specific cannabinoid agonist and exerts its action directly via the cannabinoid receptors. Anandamide specifically binds to membranes from cells transiently (COS) or stably (Chinese(More)
Two cannabinoid receptors, designated neuronal (or CB1) and peripheral (or CB2), have recently been cloned. Activation of CB1 receptors leads to inhibition of adenylate cyclase and N-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels. Here we show, using a CB2 transfected Chinese hamster ovary cell line, that this receptor binds a variety of tricyclic cannabinoid ligands(More)
Adenylyl cyclase superactivation, a phenomenon by which chronic activation of inhibitory Gi/o-coupled receptors leads to an increase in cAMP accumulation, is believed to play an important role as a compensatory response of the cAMP signaling system in the cell. However, to date, the mechanism by which adenylyl cyclase activity is regulated by chronic(More)
Two cannabinoid receptors belonging to the superfamily of G protein-coupled membrane receptors have been identified and cloned: the neuronal cannabinoid receptor (CB1) and the peripheral cannabinoid receptor (CB2). They have been shown to couple directly to the G(i/o) subclass of G proteins and to mediate inhibition of adenylyl cyclase upon binding of a(More)
Although it is well-established that G protein-coupled receptor signaling systems can network with those of tyrosine kinase receptors by several mechanisms, the point(s) of convergence of the two pathways remains largely undelineated, particularly for opioids. Here we demonstrate that opioid agonists modulate the activity of the extracellular(More)
Recent evidence suggests that apoptosis in post-mitotic neurons involves an aborted attempt of cells to re-enter the cell cycle which is characterized by increased expression of cyclins, such as cyclin D1, prior to death. However, such cyclins activation prior to apoptotic cell death remains controversial. Many neurological disorders are characterized by(More)
Two aspects of the mechanisms controlling down-regulation of opiate receptors were studied: 1. The possibility that morphine does not induce down-regulation of delta receptors is an observation confined to in vitro conditions was investigated by studying the regulation of receptors in neuroblastoma-glioma cells in diffusion chambers implanted in ICR mice(More)
An intriguing development in the G-protein signaling field has been the finding that not only the Galpha subunit, but also Gbetagamma subunits, affect a number of downstream target molecules. One of the downstream targets of Gbetagamma is adenylyl cyclase, and it has been demonstrated that a number of isoforms of adenylyl cyclase can be either inhibited or(More)