Rachel A Caruso

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The ability to decrease the electron/hole recombination rate, and decrease the band gap of titania to allow photoactivity on irradiation with visible light is attracting more and more attention. Here, boron doping of the titania, the deposition of gold nanoparticles, along with a meso-macroporous structure were obtained using a facile agarose gel templating(More)
Monodisperse mesoporous anatase titania beads with high surface areas and tunable pore size and grain diameter have been prepared through a combined sol-gel and solvothermal process in the presence of hexadecylamine (HDA) as a structure-directing agent. The monodispersity of the resultant titania beads, along with the spherical shape, can be controlled by(More)
Dye-sensitized solar cells employing mesoporous TiO(2) beads have demonstrated longer electron diffusion lengths and extended electron lifetimes over Degussa P25 titania electrodes due to the well interconnected, densely packed nanocrystalline TiO(2) particles inside the beads. Careful selection of the dye to match the dye photon absorption characteristics(More)
Approximate partial phase diagrams for nine amphiphile-protic ionic liquid (PIL) systems have been determined by synchrotron source small angle X-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry and cross polarised optical microscopy. The binary phase diagrams of some common cationic (hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium chloride, CTAC, and hexadecylpyridinium(More)
Mesoporous TiO₂ beads with diameters of 320±50, 550±50, and 830±40 nm, comprising interconnected and densely packed TiO₂ nanocrystals, were used as working electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). These electrodes possess high surface areas and superior light-scattering properties, which are ideal for DSC applications. Although the electrode(More)
Versatile synthetic method: Monodisperse anatase microspheres with various complex morphologies have been synthesized by using a versatile fluorine-free solvothermal process in the presence of ammonia. Unambiguous evidence related to surface seeding and a subsequent hollowing process revealed an Ostwald ripening evolution process.
Mixed-phase hierarchically porous titania networks (PTNs) with 3D interconnected porous frameworks and tunable rutile contents have been synthesized via a facile sol-gel templating and calcination process. The products were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and nitrogen gas sorption analysis, and their(More)
Agarose gels have been applied as templates for the formation of macroporous metal oxide structures. The preparation of the agarose template is extremely simple, and with variation of the agarose content, control over morphology is demonstrated: The average pore size decreases from 180 to 55 nm and the surface area increases from 238 to 271 m2 g(-1) with(More)
The properties of monodisperse mesoporous TiO2 beads were readily tuned by varying the temperature (500-800 °C) and time (2-24 h) of calcination for solvothermally treated hexadecylamine/TiO2 hybrid assemblies. The crystal properties (crystal phase, crystallite size, and crystallinity), surface and pore properties (surface hydroxyl groups, surface area,(More)