Experimental febrile seizures can be evoked in epileptic chicks by elevation of their body temperature. Both competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists [(3-(+/- )2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP), DL-2-amino-7-phosphosphonoheptanoic acid (APH), DL-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV), D-alpha-aminoadipic acid (AAA),… (More)
The high seizure susceptibility in epileptic chickens is due to an autosomal recessive mutation. In 3-day-old chicks homozygous for the epilepsy gene (epileptics), elevation of body temperature using microwave diathermy evoked an initial febrile seizure resembling the clonic seizures evoked in epileptic chicks by photic stimulation. After complete recovery,… (More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND; Decreased gallbladder smooth muscle (GBSM) contractility is a hallmark of cholesterol gallstone disease, but the interrelationship between lithogenicity, biliary stasis, and inflammation are poorly understood. We studied a mouse model of gallstone disease to evaluate the development of GBSM dysfunction relative to changes in bile… (More)
Despite the morphological changes observed within the cerebellum over the course of evolution, its circuitry with respect to its neuronal types, have remained a remarkable constant . In particular, the relationship between the geometry of the Purkinje cells and the parallel fiber projection of the cerebellar granule cells has been observed in all… (More)
The ability of excitatory amino acid receptor agonists, AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid) and quisqualate to produce seizures was determined in 1-2 day old epileptic and non-epileptic (carrier) chicks. Both compounds produced prolonged clonic seizures in epileptic chicks at doses which were not convulsant in carrier chicks.… (More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists [(3-(+/-)2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-l-phosphonic acid (CPP), +/- 2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid (2AP7), +/- 2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (2AP5), D-alpha-aminoadipic acid (alpha AA), and +/- alpha, epsilon-diaminopimelic acid (DAP)] were tested for anticonvulsant activity in epileptic chickens.… (More)
With microwave diathermy, febrile seizures were produced in epileptic chicks aged 2-5 days. Drugs that enhance GABAergic activity (i.e., GABA, muscimol, and progabide), as well as valproic acid and gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, produced dose-dependent increases in latency to onset of seizures.
The ability of the imidazobenzodiazepine Ro 15-1788 to displace diazepam from brain membranes in vitro and to antagonize the anticonvulsant activity of diazepam in vivo was determined in epileptic fowl. At doses of 1.0 mg/kg and higher, Ro 15-1788 significantly attenuated the anticonvulsant action of diazepam (1.0 mg/kg) in epileptic chickens. Ro 15-1788… (More)