Rachael Warner

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OBJECTIVE To study the effectiveness of fluoxetine and cognitive-behavioural counselling in depressive illness in postnatal women: to compare fluoxetine and placebo, six sessions and one session of counselling, and combinations of drugs and counselling. DESIGN Randomised, controlled treatment trial, double blind in relation to drug treatment, with four(More)
BACKGROUND Postnatal depression follows 10% of live births but there is little consensus on the risk factors associated with its development. Previous smaller studies have been unable to quantify the impact of independent risk factors as relative and attributable risks. METHOD The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to screen a systematic(More)
Women suffering from post-natal depression were interviewed about their symptoms, help-seeking behaviour and treatment. Over 90% recognized there was something wrong, but only one-third believed they were suffering from post-natal depression. Over 80% had not reported their symptoms to any health professional.
This article describes the development of the Maternal Attitudes Questionnaire (MAQ), a 14-item self-report instrument measuring cognitions relating to role change, expectations of motherhood, and expectations of the self as a mother in postnatal women. This questionnaire was found to have good test-retest and internal reliability. In a large sample of(More)
The differential susceptibility to parenting model was examined in relation to toddler self-regulation in a prospective longitudinal study of infants born preterm or low birth weight. We followed 153 mother-infant dyads across five time points between the infant's Neonatal Intensive Care Unit stay and 24 months postterm. Assessments of infant temperament,(More)
This study introduces a rat model of cocaine abstinence syndrome based on quantitation of spontaneously emitted behaviors following termination of continuous drug exposure (analogous to established methods of assessing morphine and nicotine abstinence). Groups of eight male S-D rats were infused SC for 7 days via an osmotic minipump with saline alone or(More)
The experiments described here were intended to investigate whether serotonin (5HT) may be involved in analgesia induced by low current transcranial electrostimulation (TE). The TE stimulus is a 10 mu-ampere, 10 Hz, pulsed current transmitted via electrodes in the pinnae. Combinations of the following were given as intraperitoneal injections: 300 mg/kg(More)
A specific form of Transcranial Electrostimulation Treatment (TCET) has been shown to induce analgesia, alleviate symptoms of opiate withdrawal and alter nociceptive responses in neurons in the midbrain and hypothalamus of rats. TCET consists of a 10Hz, charge balanced, 10 mu A current passed for 30 minutes between electrodes placed in the ears. Both(More)
Mice exposed to estrogens as neonates developed more mammary dysplasias and had different morphologic types of dysplasias than did normal animals when both groups were exposed to a carcinogen: 1) before puberty, 2) during active mammary growth, 3) or at 6 months of age (the time when spontaneous dysplasias begin to appear in normal animals). The relative(More)
Pulsed low current transcranial electrostimulation (TE) has been shown to induce analgesia in rats as measured by the wet tail flick test. This study investigates the effect of varying stimulus frequency, pulse width, charge balance and polarity, as well as the influence of electrode placement and time of day at which stimulus occurred. A biphasic, charge(More)