Rachael Thomson

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A high burden of malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV infection contributes to national and individual poverty. We have reviewed a broad range of evidence detailing factors at individual, household, and community levels that influence vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV infection and used this evidence to identify strategies that could improve(More)
This review summarises a wide range of evidence about environmental and institutional factors that influence vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV infection. By combining this information with that obtained on factors operating at individual, household, and community level, we have identified potential common strategies for improving resilience to(More)
In November 2002, the first of three outbreaks of Salmonella Montevideo infection in Australia and New Zealand was identified in New South Wales, Australia. Affected persons were interviewed, and epidemiologically linked retail outlets inspected. Imported tahini was rapidly identified as the source of infection. The contaminated tahini was recalled and(More)
This study aims to understand the contextual barriers to accessing timely TB diagnosis after first seeking care, especially among the poor and vulnerable in rural China. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to elicit the experiences and perspectives of TB patients and suspected TB patients, community residents, health providers and policy(More)
Within countries, poorer populations have greater health needs and less access to good medical care than better-off populations. This is particularly true for tuberculosis (TB), the archetypal disease of poverty. Innovations also tend to become available to better-off populations well before they become available to those who need them the most. In a new(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess equity in access to tuberculosis (TB) care by estimating and comparing the direct household costs perceived by community residents with actual costs experienced by TB patients and to identify the factors influencing the financial burden of TB patients. METHODS Economic study in four provinces of China by means of a survey of 889 TB(More)
BACKGROUND Published practical examples of how to bridge gaps between research, policy and practice in health systems research in Sub Saharan Africa are scarce. The aim of our study was to use a case study approach to analyse how and why different operational health research projects in Africa have contributed to health systems strengthening and promoted(More)
Private-public mix (PPM) DOTS is widely advocated as a DOTS adaptation for promoting progress towards the international tuberculosis (TB) control targets of detecting 70% of TB cases and successfully treating 85% of these. Private health care plays a central role in health-care provision in many developing countries that have a high burden of TB. It is(More)
It has long been recognised that the health-related Millennium Development Goals cannot be achieved without strengthened health systems. This article presents the most recent World Health Organization framework for strengthening health systems and considers how health economics research can be used to measure achievements against each of the goals of the(More)
Chronic respiratory symptoms are amongst the most common complaints among low and middle-income country (LMICs) populations and they are expected to remain common over the 10 to 20 year horizon. The underlying diseases (predominantly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma and tuberculosis) cause, and threaten to increasingly cause, substantial(More)