Rachael M Nelson

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Simulated ischemic conditions (hypoxia-hypoglycaemia) in vitro enhanced glutamate efflux from rat cerebrocortical prisms. Here we characterised efflux mechanisms using pharmacological tools. The Na(+) channel blocker TTX (1 microM) did not affect ischemia-induced efflux, while sipatrigine (100 microM), a Na(+)/Ca(2+) channel blocker and omega-conotoxin(More)
We report the first results of a program to determine the longitudinal distribution of volcanic activity on Jupiter's satellite Io. Infrared measurements at 8.7, 10, and 20 micrometers have been taken at a variety of orbital longitudes: strong variation in the 8.7- and 10-micrometer flux with longitude demonstrates that infrared emission arising from(More)
Titan is the only satellite in our Solar System with a dense atmosphere. The surface pressure is 1.5 bar (ref. 1) and, similar to the Earth, N2 is the main component of the atmosphere. Methane is the second most important component, but it is photodissociated on a timescale of 10(7) years (ref. 3). This short timescale has led to the suggestion that Titan(More)
Prisms of adult rat cortex were maintained in vitro in either aerobic conditions (control) or conditions simulating an acute ischaemic challenge (hypoxia with no added glucose). Endogenous glutamate efflux increased with time in ischaemic conditions, being 2.7 fold higher than control efflux at 45 min. Returning prisms to control solution after 20 min of(More)
Clomethiazole is a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mimetic agent with anticonvulsant, sedative and neuroprotective properties. The pharmacological actions of clomethiazole that underlie its functional profile have not been fully explored, but are known to result from an interaction with the GABA(A) receptor. Here, we present a quantitative(More)
Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (NC), the endogenous ligand for the G-protein coupled nociceptin receptor (NCR), has a modulatory role in various physiological processes including neurotransmitter release. We have examined the effects of NC, the analogues NC(1-13)NH2 and [F/G]NC(1-13)NH2 and the competitive antagonist [Nphe1]NC(1-13)NH2 (Nphe1) on glutamate efflux(More)
We tested whether glutamate receptor ligands affect oxygen-glucose deprivation-evoked L-glutamate efflux from adult rat cerebrocortical prisms. The uncompetitive NMDA antagonist AR-R15896AR inhibited efflux (IC50 34 microM, 87% maximal inhibition). AMPA/kainate receptor blockade (NBQX, 100 microM) or Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor activation(More)
AR-A008055 [(+/-)-1-(4-methyl-5-thiazolyl)-1-phenylmethylamine] is structurally related to clomethiazole and has been used to probe the mechanism of the neuroprotective effect of clomethiazole. Clomethiazole, (+/-)-AR-A008055 and (S)-(-)-AR-A008055 all displaced [35S]-t-butyl-bicyclophosphorothionate ([35S]TBPS) from rat cerebral cortex tissue (IC50 values:(More)
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