Rachael M Nelson

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We tested for gender differences in dietary fatty acid metabolism in 12 nonobese men and 12 nonobese women using the meal fatty acid tracer/adipose tissue biopsy study design. In addition to determining body composition, measurements of regional adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase activity, blood flow, and fat cell size were performed to place the meal fatty(More)
Prisms of adult rat cortex were maintained in vitro in either aerobic conditions (control) or conditions simulating an acute ischaemic challenge (hypoxia with no added glucose). Endogenous glutamate efflux increased with time in ischaemic conditions, being 2.7 fold higher than control efflux at 45 min. Returning prisms to control solution after 20 min of(More)
This study examined the effects of fatigue on the functional aspects of the contractile apparatus and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Frog semitendinosus muscles were stimulated to fatigue, and skinned fibers or a homogenate fraction was prepared from both fatigued and rested contralateral muscles. In fatigued fibers, maximal Ca2+-activated force of the(More)
• Attempts to record membrane potentials from the human heart exposed during surgery have been reported by Woodbury et al. and Bromberger-Barnea et al. In these studies, rather large variation in the amplitude and time course of the potentials was observed, perhaps related to the circumstances of working with flexibly mounted micro-electrodes on an exposed,(More)
Simulated ischemic conditions (hypoxia-hypoglycaemia) in vitro enhanced glutamate efflux from rat cerebrocortical prisms. Here we characterised efflux mechanisms using pharmacological tools. The Na(+) channel blocker TTX (1 microM) did not affect ischemia-induced efflux, while sipatrigine (100 microM), a Na(+)/Ca(2+) channel blocker and omega-conotoxin(More)
The adipose tissue uptake of dietary fat has been studied using fatty acid radiotracers incorporated into a meal, followed by adipose tissue biopsies. A number of experimental design issues, including the use of isotopic tracers to measure meal fatty acid oxidation and plasma appearance of tracer, as well as the heterogeneity of adipose tissue fatty acid(More)
Clomethiazole is a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mimetic agent with anticonvulsant, sedative and neuroprotective properties. The pharmacological actions of clomethiazole that underlie its functional profile have not been fully explored, but are known to result from an interaction with the GABA(A) receptor. Here, we present a quantitative(More)
We have investigated the neuroprotective properties of AR-A008055 [(+/-)-1-(4-methyl-5-thiazolyl-1-phenyl-methylamine], a novel compound structurally related to clomethiazole. Administration (i.p.) of (+/-)-AR-A008055 60 min after 5 min of global cerebral ischaemia in gerbils produced a dose-dependent protection of the hippocampus from damage. Both(More)
AR-A008055 [(+/-)-1-(4-methyl-5-thiazolyl)-1-phenylmethylamine] is structurally related to clomethiazole and has been used to probe the mechanism of the neuroprotective effect of clomethiazole. Clomethiazole, (+/-)-AR-A008055 and (S)-(-)-AR-A008055 all displaced [35S]-t-butyl-bicyclophosphorothionate ([35S]TBPS) from rat cerebral cortex tissue (IC50 values:(More)
Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (NC), the endogenous ligand for the G-protein coupled nociceptin receptor (NCR), has a modulatory role in various physiological processes including neurotransmitter release. We have examined the effects of NC, the analogues NC(1-13)NH2 and [F/G]NC(1-13)NH2 and the competitive antagonist [Nphe1]NC(1-13)NH2 (Nphe1) on glutamate efflux(More)