Rachael M. Hawkins

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In 1987, in response to concerns relating to the high incidence of (reported) child sexual abuse, the Ministry of Education and New Zealand Policy jointly introduced a national school-based personal safety program, Keeping Ourselves Safe. In December 1990, 252 children were interviewed in eight primary schools, selected as representative of the ethnic,(More)
Eighty-four incarcerated child molesters and 95 nonoffender comparison subjects were interviewed. All of the nonoffenders and 93% of the child molesters had been sexually abused in childhood. The prisoners were more socially disadvantaged as children and had received more verbal and physical abuse. The prisoners were more accepting of their abuse in the(More)
The concept of self-efficacy, as expounded by Bandura as part of his Social Cognitive Theory, has made considerable impact in the psychological literature. It is argued that self-efficacy is a useful hypothetical construct for predicting behavior, but it has no valid claim to being a cause of behavior. Claims for self-efficacy as a causal agent have failed(More)
In response to a paper (Hawkins, 1992) arguing that self-efficacy is a predictor but not a cause of behavior, Bandura (1995) has raised a series of counter arguments. None of these counter arguments seem sufficient to retreat from the claim that self-efficacy is not a true cause of behavior. The present paper reaffirms the position that self-efficacy is a(More)
It is shown that the dynamics of cosmologies sourced by a mixture of perfect fluids and self–interacting scalar fields are described by the non–linear, Ermakov–Pinney equation. The general solution of this equation can be expressed in terms of particular solutions to a related, linear differential equation. This characteristic is employed to derive exact(More)
Some authors have argued that the debate about whether or not self-efficacy can be legitimately viewed as a cause of behavior is futile due to incommensurability between underlying philosophies. Nevertheless, the debate provides a valuable case study of comparative paradigms in psychology for teaching purposes. It also stimulates a secondary debate about(More)
The work in this thesis concerns the split of Einstein field equations (EFE’s) with respect to nowhere-null hypersurfaces, the GR Cauchy and Initial Value problems (CP and IVP), the Canonical formulation of GR and its interpretation, and the Foundations of Relativity. I address Wheeler’s question about the why of the form of the GR Hamiltonian constraint(More)
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