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Cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs and oVEMPs) to air-conducted tone bursts (250-2000 Hz) were recorded in 14 patients with superior canal dehiscence (SCD) and 32 healthy controls. For cVEMPs, the most common 'optimal frequency' in control ears (48.2%) was 500 Hz; for oVEMPs, it was 1000 Hz (51.8%). We found a significant(More)
SUMMARY We discuss the discretization using discontinuous Galerkin (DG) formulation of an elliptic Poisson problem. Two commonly used DG schemes are investigated: the original average flux proposed by Bassi and Rebay (J. by adopting a matrix based notation with a view to highlighting the steps required in a numerical implementation of the DG method. Through(More)
A prominent feature in dementia is intellectual deterioration. Review of the clinical literature indicates a lack of suitably quantitated studies of specific intellectual defects in dementia. The present study investigated the performance of patients with multi-infarct dementia (MID), dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD), and vertebrobasilar(More)
OBJECTIVES It can be difficult to distinguish vestibular migraine (VM) from Menière's disease (MD) in its early stages. Using vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs), we sought to identify test parameters that would help discriminate between these two vestibular disorders. METHODS We first recorded ocular and cervical VEMPs (oVEMP/cVEMP) to(More)
Complex visual hallucinations are known to occur in individuals with impaired vision yet whose emotional and intellectual functions are within the normal range. These hallucinations, which were first reported by Charles Bonnet in 1760, have been described in many case studies, but have not been analyzed empirically to determine their major properties. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the ocular and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP and cVEMP) profile in Ménière's Disease (MD), we studied air-conducted (AC) sound and bone-conducted vibration (BCV)-evoked responses in 77 patients and 35 controls. METHODS oVEMPs were recorded from unrectified infra-orbital surface electromyography (EMG) during(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore effects of whole-head/body tilt in the roll plane on ocular-vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP). METHODS Twenty healthy subjects were randomly tilted in an Eply Omniax rotator across a series of eight angles from 0° to 360° (at 45° separations) in the roll plane. At each position, oVEMPs to air-conducted (AC) and(More)
The results have important heuristic value for several reasons. First, they indicate that contrary to popular belief, individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome do indicate a definite and, in fact, consistent food preference. Further, the degree of food preference seems to be related to the level of cognitive ability. Finally, these subjects consistently chose(More)
The results of these experiments indicate that, contrary to popular belief, individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome demonstrate definite food preferences. These data are consistent with and extend recent findings of Caldwell & Taylor (1983). The general conclusions are that the foods preferred by most individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome are sweet, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the galvanic-evoked vestibulospinal reflex in health and disease. METHODS Vestibular-evoked whole-body movement was measured in 60 controls and eight patients with bilateral vestibular impairment, using 1mA × 2s Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation (GVS). The displacement (s) and velocity (v) of 7 markers placed on the head, neck,(More)