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Cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs and oVEMPs) to air-conducted tone bursts (250-2000 Hz) were recorded in 14 patients with superior canal dehiscence (SCD) and 32 healthy controls. For cVEMPs, the most common 'optimal frequency' in control ears (48.2%) was 500 Hz; for oVEMPs, it was 1000 Hz (51.8%). We found a significant(More)
A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group, 6-month study assessed the efficacy and safety of ropinirole, a nonergoline D2-dopamine agonist, in patients with early Parkinson's disease (n = 241; Hoehn & Yahr stages I to III) with limited or no prior dopaminergic therapy. Patients (mean age, 62.8 years), stratified by(More)
A prominent feature in dementia is intellectual deterioration. Review of the clinical literature indicates a lack of suitably quantitated studies of specific intellectual defects in dementia. The present study investigated the performance of patients with multi-infarct dementia (MID), dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD), and vertebrobasilar(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate ropinirole hydrochloride as dopaminergic monotherapy in patients with early Parkinson disease. DESIGN A 6-month extension of a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING Ambulatory care at 22 different sites in the United States. PATIENTS Patients who successfully completed the initial 6-month study could enter the 6-month(More)
OBJECTIVES It can be difficult to distinguish vestibular migraine (VM) from Menière's disease (MD) in its early stages. Using vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs), we sought to identify test parameters that would help discriminate between these two vestibular disorders. METHODS We first recorded ocular and cervical VEMPs (oVEMP/cVEMP) to(More)
We sought to investigate the utility of new non-invasive tests of semicircular-canal and otolith function that are usable in the neuro-otology office practice in patients with vestibular schwannoma. Fifty patients with vestibular schwannoma were assessed using a 5-item battery consisting of air-conducted cervical- and bone conducted ocular-vestibular-evoked(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the ocular and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP and cVEMP) profile in Ménière's Disease (MD), we studied air-conducted (AC) sound and bone-conducted vibration (BCV)-evoked responses in 77 patients and 35 controls. METHODS oVEMPs were recorded from unrectified infra-orbital surface electromyography (EMG) during(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore effects of whole-head/body tilt in the roll plane on ocular-vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP). METHODS Twenty healthy subjects were randomly tilted in an Eply Omniax rotator across a series of eight angles from 0° to 360° (at 45° separations) in the roll plane. At each position, oVEMPs to air-conducted (AC) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the galvanic-evoked vestibulospinal reflex in health and disease. METHODS Vestibular-evoked whole-body movement was measured in 60 controls and eight patients with bilateral vestibular impairment, using 1mA × 2s Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation (GVS). The displacement (s) and velocity (v) of 7 markers placed on the head, neck,(More)