Rachael L Howard

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The present study examined the ability of two analogs of human/rat corticotropin-releasing factor (h/rCRF), [Met18, Lys23, Glu27,29,40, Ala32,41, Leu33,36,38] h/rCRF9-41 (alpha-hel CRF9-41) and [D-Phe12, Nle21,38, C alpha MeLeu37] h/rCRF12-41 (D-Phe CRF12-41), to antagonize CRF- and stress-induced behavioral changes in rats. The potency and duration of(More)
The purpose of this work is to develop agents for cancer differentiation therapy. We showed that five antiproliferative quinoline compounds in the National Cancer Institute database stimulated cell differentiation at growth inhibitory concentrations (3-14 microM) in MCF-7 human breast tumor cells in vitro. The differentiation-inducing quinolines caused(More)
Increased Na+/H+ antiport activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and vascular disease in diabetes mellitus. The independent effect of elevated extracellular glucose concentrations on Na+/H+ antiport activity in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) was thus examined. Amiloride-sensitive 22Na+ uptake by VSMC significantly(More)
Na+/H+ exchanger isoform and the effect of high osmolality on its function was studied in cultured renal epithelial cells (LLC-PK1 and OK). Using NHE-3-specific antibody, immunoblots of luminal membranes from LLC-PK1 and OK cells specifically labeled proteins with molecular masses 90 and 95 kDa, indicating that NHE-3 is the isoform expressed on the luminal(More)
Particulate preparations from mammalian heart which are able to transfer electrons in successive steps from reduced diphosphopyridine nucleotide (DPNH) to molecular oxygen or to intermediate components of the respiratory chain have been reported from time to time (1, 2). Likewise, lipid-free, soluble DPNH dehydrogenases have been obtained from sarcosomal(More)
Previous film autoradiographic studies demonstrated that, during corticogenesis, dopamine receptors of the D1 class are abundant in the embryonic primate cerebral wall. In the present study, we expand these findings by identifying the cellular elements of the fetal occipital cerebral wall expressing D1 and D5 subtypes of the D1 dopamine receptor class. We(More)
The nature of the stimulus sensed by bone cells during mechanical usage has not yet been determined. Because nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin (PG) production appear to be essential early responses to mechanical stimulation in vivo, we used their production to compare the responsiveness of bone cells to strain and fluid flow in vitro. Cells were incubated(More)
The effect of long-term exposure to hypertonic medium on Na(+)-H+ exchange activity was studied in cultured vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells by using a combination of 22Na+ influx and pH measurement with the pH-sensitive dye BCECF. Incubation of VSM cells in high-osmolality medium (510 mOsm/L) for 48 hours significantly increased the acid-stimulated 22Na+(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Diabetes-induced activation of protein kinase C has been associated with the development of vascular complications. Elevated de novo diacylglycerol synthesis has been postulated to underlie this protein kinase C activation. Diabetes also increases the circulating concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids, which are immediate precursors(More)