Rachael Inder

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Tumor metastasis to lymph nodes is a key indicator of patient survival, and is enhanced by the neo-lymphatics induced by tumor-secreted VEGF-C or VEGF-D, acting via VEGFR-3 signalling. These targets constitute important avenues for anti-metastatic treatment. Despite this new understanding, clinical observations linking metastasis with tumor depth or(More)
The lymphatic network functions to return fluid, cells and macromolecules to the circulation. Recent characterization of growth factors that control the growth and development of the lymphatics, and markers which specify lymphatic endothelial cells have enhanced our understanding of this system. Members of the VEGF family of factors are key regulators of(More)
Metastasis to regional lymph nodes is an important and early event in many tumors. Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C), VEGF-D and their receptor VEGFR-3, play a role in tumor spread via the lymphatics, although the timing of their involvement is not understood. In contrast, VEGFR-2, activated by VEGF-A, VEGF-C and VEGF-D, is a mediator of(More)
In the mouse, retinol administration attenuates carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic injury. We have investigated the role of cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) in this interaction. Male Swiss Webster mice were administered retinol (75 mg/kg/d) or vehicle for 3 days prior to CCl4 (30 microl/kg, ip). Hepatotoxicity produced by CCl4 was assessed by plasma(More)
Retinol pretreatment (75 mg/kg/day, 4 days) potentiated paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in BALB/c mice (alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity; 2510+/-602 vs 1155+/-282 IU/l; retinol+paracetamol vs corn oil+paracetamol, respectively, P<0.05); however, this potentiation did not occur in the kidney, indicating an organ-specific response. Retinol treatment(More)
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