Racha Beyrouthy

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OBJECTIVES To investigate the resistance to carbapenems in Enterobacteriaceae and the underlying resistance mechanisms in North Lebanon between 2008 and 2012. METHODS A total of 2767 Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered from clinical samples collected in Nini Hospital (North Lebanon) were screened for a decrease in susceptibility or resistance to(More)
OBJECTIVES Bacteria multiresistant to antibiotics are widely supposed to be weakly virulent. However, the virulence traits of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae have not been investigated. In this work, we investigated the virulence and resistance mechanism of an extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) strain (LEB15) that exhibited(More)
The emergence of CTX-M class A extended-spectrum β-lactamases poses a serious health threat to the public. We have applied structure-based design to improve the potency of a novel noncovalent tetrazole-containing CTX-M inhibitor (K(i) = 21 μM) more than 200-fold via structural modifications targeting two binding hot spots, a hydrophobic shelf formed by(More)
Two Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates of the same strain, identified in Poland, produced either TEM-47 or TEM-68, which differed by the Arg275Leu substitution. They harbored a few virulence factors, including an iron-chelating factor and capsule overproduction, suggesting that these factors were sufficient to enhance their nosocomial potency. TEM-68 and TEM-47(More)
We report intestinal carriage of an extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strain with high-level resistance to colistin (MIC 24 mg/L) in a patient in France who had been hospitalized for fungal meningitis. The strain had the mcr-1 plasmid gene and an inactivated mgrB gene, which are associated with colistin resistance.
The OXA-48 carbapenemase is mainly encoded by ∼ 62-kb IncL/M plasmids. However, chromosome-mediated genes have been observed in Escherichia coli isolates. In this work, we investigated the genetic environment of OXA-48 in members of the family Enterobacteriaceae (n = 22) to understand how the OXA-48-encoding gene is transferred into the E. coli chromosome.(More)
A Proteus mirabilis clinical strain (7001324) was isolated from urine sample of a patient hospitalized in a long-term-care facility. PCR and cloning experiments performed with this strain identified a novel TEM-type β-lactamase (TEM-187) differing by four amino acid substitutions (Leu21Phe, Arg164His, Ala184Val, and Thr265Met) from TEM-1. This(More)
The objective of this study was to perform an inventory of the extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates responsible for infections in French hospitals and to assess the mechanisms associated with ESBL diffusion. A total of 200 nonredundant ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae strains isolated from clinical samples were(More)
The spread of mcr-1-encoding plasmids into carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae raises concerns about the emergence of untreatable bacteria. We report the acquisition of mcr-1 in a carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli strain after a 3-week course of colistin in a patient repatriated to France from Portugal. Whole-genome sequencing revealed that the(More)