Rac Hughes

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UNLABELLED Despite recent advances in the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage delayed ischaemic deficits from cerebral vasospasm remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. As magnesium is a potent cerebral vasodilator we have introduced routine supplementation in patients presented with subarachnoid haemorrhage to determine whether(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroaxonal loss is a pathological substrate of disability in progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) and can be estimated in vivo by measuring tissue atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While there is some evidence that brain atrophy correlates better with disability than T2 lesion load in secondary progressive MS, the clinical relevance of(More)
The tetanic and single twitch responses of the adductor pollicis muscle were used to study the neuromuscular effects of neostigmine in 26 patients anaesthetized with thiopentone and nitrous oxide. Neostigmine 2.5 mg i.v. given 5 min after exposure to halothane antagonized non-depolarizing neuromuscular block, whereas a second dose give 2-5 min later(More)
The Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor (LDLR) gene is a cell surface receptor that plays an important role in cholesterol homeostasis. We investigated the (TA)n polymorphism in exon 18 of the LDLR gene on chromosome 19p13.2 performing an association analysis in 244 typical migraine-affected patients, 151 suffering from migraine with aura (MA), 96 with(More)
1 Tetanic and single twitch contractions of the adductor pollicis muscles, in response to indirect stimulation of each ulnar nerve, were recorded in patients anaesthetized with thiopentone and nitrous oxide in oxygen. 2 Concentrations of 1 and 2% halothane were administered for 10 min during recovery from neuromuscular paralysis by tubocurarine, dimethyl(More)
The records of the recovery pattern of 30 patients given atracurium 0.2-0.9 mg kg-1 were studied. Recovery of the sustained tetanic contraction did not follow an exponential curve as had previously been assumed. However, it did fit a logistic curve so that the plot of logit blockade against time was linear between 99% and 5% blockade. The results support(More)
Intravenous dose-response relationships were used to correlate neuromuscular paralysis with the effects of fazadinium (AH 8165) on autonomic mechanisms in anaesthetized cats and rhesus monkeys and with cardiovascular effects in man. In cats and monkeys neuromuscular paralysis of the twitch responses of the gastrocnemius muscle by fazadinium was accompanied(More)
Intravenous dose-response relationships for dimethyl tubocurarine showed that vagal blockade only became appreciable (50-83%) at doses 8-16 times those sufficient for full neuromuscular paralysis in anaesthetized cats (0.0625 mg/kg) and rhesus monkeys (0.125 mg/kg); heart rate was unchanged. Sympathetic function was unimpaired by supramaximal paralysing(More)
Alcuronium 0.2 mg kg-1 was given to six patients to investigate the simultaneous recovery of breathing and peripheral neuromuscular function. Anaesthesia was maintained with 66% nitrous oxide in oxygen supplemented with 0.5% halothane, and the patients were ventilated to normocarbia. Patients were disconnected from the ventilator after the reappearance of(More)
A 66-year-old woman presented with pustular lesions of her face, trunk, and limbs and an acute arthritis of the knees and elbows. She had a complex medical background and had been on immunosuppressants for three years after a liver transplant. Tissue samples from her skin lesions and synovial fluid showed acid-fast bacilli. Mycobacterium haemophilum, an(More)