Learn More
The family of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) proteins include potent and specific mitogens for vascular endothelial cells that function in the lation of angiogenesis Inhibition of VEGF-induced angiogenesis either by neutralizing antibodies or dominant-negative soluble receptor, blocks the growth of primary and metastatic experimental tumors Here(More)
INTRODUCTION Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT) while uncommon may arise within numerous organs. Historically, the literature regarding IMT has been confined to small one organ case series, with few reviews encompassing multiple anatomic sites, and little data regarding adjuvant treatment. METHODS A review of patients with IMT treated at two large(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of intraoperative erythrocyte transfusion on outcomes of anemic patients undergoing noncardiac surgery has not been well characterized. The objective of this study was to examine the association between blood transfusion and mortality and morbidity in patients with severe anemia (hematocrit less than 30%) who are exposed to one or two(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that obesity is paradoxically associated with a lower risk of mortality after noncardiac surgery. This study will determine the impact of the modified metabolic syndrome (defined as the presence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes) on perioperative outcomes. METHODS This study is based on data from 310,208(More)
Glutamine may be an essential dietary component, especially for the support of intestinal mucosal growth and function. This study evaluated the effects of a glutamine-enriched elemental diet, administered before whole-abdominal radiation on gut glutamine metabolism, mucosal morphometrics, and bacterial translocation. Rats were randomized to receive a(More)
Angiostatin, a proteolytic fragment of plasminogen, inhibits the growth of primary and metastatic tumors by suppressing angiogenesis. When used in combination with ionizing radiation (IR), angiostatin demonstrates potent antitumor synergism, largely caused by inhibition of the tumor microvasculature. We report here the temporal interaction of angiostatin(More)
Toll-like receptor-9 (TLR-9) agonists have pleotropic effects on both the innate and adaptive immune systems, including increased antigen expression, enhanced antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and T helper cell type 1 shift in the immune response. We combined a TLR-9 agonist (1018 ISS, 0.2 mg/kg sc weekly x 4 beginning day 8) with(More)
PURPOSE It is well recognized that the increased risk of a postoperative venous thrombotic event extends beyond the inpatient treatment period. The purpose of this study was to determine the 30-day incidence and risk factors associated with the occurrence of early postdischarge symptomatic venous thromboembolic events in patients who have undergone major(More)
In the critically ill surgical patient a variety of therapeutic maneuvers is required to maintain a "healthy gut." Provision of adequate amounts of glutamine to the gastrointestinal mucosa appears to be just one of these maneuvers. Other methods utilized to protect the gut from becoming a wound include: (a) minimizing additional systemic insults (such as(More)
We examined the effects of a new antiangiogenic isocoumarin, NM-3, as a radiation modifier in vitro and in vivo. The present studies demonstrate that NM-3 is cytotoxic to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) but not to Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells nor Seg-1, esophageal adenocarcinoma cells, in clonogenic survival assays. When HUVEC cultures(More)