Rabia Ahmed

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BACKGROUND HIV/AIDS is a global problem, South Asia and Africa bearing the maximum burden. The incidence is reported to be rising in Pakistan. It is important to document the prevalence of various risk factors in our population so that appropriate measures could be taken for preventing emergence of new cases. Objectives were to identify the possible(More)
BACKGROUND Triple negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are high grade aggressive tumors generally with a poor prognosis, not responding to hormonal and anti Her2 Neu therapy. Expression of the antiapoptotic B cell lymphoma 2 gene (Bcl2) is associated with low grade, slowly proliferating hormone receptor positive tumors with improved survival. Anti Bcl2 agents(More)
Breast cancer is a heterogenous group of diseases which comprises a spectrum of biological subtypes, natural history, and clinicopathological and molecular features, with different prognostic and therapeutic consequences (Ontilio et al., 2009). Breast carcinoma is the most common cancer affecting the females worldwide. Each year about 1.4 million new cases(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of immunohistochemical expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and c-KITin triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). STUDY DESIGN Descriptive, cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP), Rawalpindi, from January to December 2014. METHODOLOGY Fifty cases(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by immunohistochemistry in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP), Rawalpindi, from September 2015 to March 2016. METHODOLOGY Fifty-two cases of(More)
Post chemotherapy histiocyte-rich pseudotumour of spleen and lymph node are a rare occurrence and can be seen in patients after chemotherapy of haematological malignancies. We report the case of a two years old child, a diagnosed case of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia under going chemotherapy. He presented to the paediatric oncology department of Combined(More)
Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological spectrum of urothelial carcinoma of urinary bladder. Study Design: Descriptive case series. Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP), from 1st January 2012 to 31st October 2013. Patients and methods: All cases of urothelial carcinoma were retrieved from AFIP tumour registry. Age,(More)
A 37-year female presented with complaint of lower abdominal pain and amenorrhoea to the Military Hospital, Rawalpindi. Ultrasound of pelvis showed a right adnexal cystic lesion. On investigation, CA-125 was raised. Her MRI scan of pelvis revealed a right adnexal mass of fluid intensity measuring 15.2 x 12.9 x 9.2 cm. Right ovarian cystectomy was performed(More)
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