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The widely abused amphetamine analog 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, also called "ecstasy") induces hallucination and psychostimulation, as well as long-term neuropsychiatric behaviors such as panic and psychosis. In rodents and monkeys, MDMA is cytotoxic to serotonergic neurons, but this is less clear with humans. Herein, MDMA was cytotoxic to(More)
Using specific antisera to methionine-enkephalin and leucine-enkephalin, we have visualized apparent enkephalin-containing neuronal fibers and terminals throughout the central nervous system of the rat. Immunoreactive enkephalin displays sharply defined localizations. Regions of highest immunofluorescent density include the laminae I and II of the spinal(More)
The expression of excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) in rat hippocampus was studied following kainic acid-induced seizure activity in vivo and in hippocampal slice cultures. Protein and mRNA levels of the glial (EAAT2) and neuronal (EAAT3) transporters were determined with affinity-purified antibodies and oligonucleotide probes, respectively.(More)
The nuclear transcription factor Nurr1 is involved in the development and maintenance of the midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neuronal phenotype. We analysed the cellular and biological effects of Nurr1 during embryonic stem (ES) cell differentiation using the ROSA26-engineered Tet-inducible ES cell line J1-rtTA that does not express transgenes in mature neurons.(More)
1. Chronic treatment with low doses of the selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) type B inhibitors selegiline [(-)-deprenyl] and rasagiline, causes elevation in extracellular level of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine (dopamine) in the rat striatum in vivo (Lamensdorf et al., 1996). The present study was carried out to determine whether this effect of selegiline(More)
In male rats copulation has antinociceptive effects as measured either by shock-induced vocalizations or hindlimb withdrawal to pinch. Prolonged mating reduces the content of endogenous opioids in midbrain but not in hypothalamus or caudate nucleus. Blockage of opiate receptors with the narcotic antagonist naloxone (4 mg/kg) significantly extends the(More)
The effect of acute or chronic morphine treatment on dopamine transporters was studied with the selective transporter blocker [3H]GBR12935. Chronic, but not acute treatment of rats with morphine significantly decreased the Bmax of [3H]GBR12935 binding to membranes from the anterior basal forebrain, that includes the nucleus accumbens, but had no such effect(More)
Naloxonazine is a relatively selective mu 1 affinity label in binding studies. Like naloxazone, naloxonazine has proven valuable in vivo in establishing a role for mu 1 sites in specific opiate actions. We now report a detailed characterization of naloxonazine's actions in mice and rats. Naloxonazine antagonized morphine analgesia for greater than 24 h(More)
The gene that is defective in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies is expressed in the muscle and brain. However, the 5' ends of the 14 kb mRNA in these tissues are derived from two different exons, indicating the involvement of at least two promoters in the regulation of the cell-type and developmental specificities of expression of this gene. In the(More)
The dopamine transporter from rat caudate-putamen was photolabeled with [125I]DEEP as previously described. Treatment of photolabeled membranes with neuraminidase and N-glycanase reduced the molecular weight of the [125I]DEEP photolabeled dopamine transporter complex, whereas treatment with alpha-mannosidase had no effect. The solubilized [125I]DEEP(More)