Learn More
This study compares the emergence and recovery characteristics of sevoflurane, desflurane, and halothane in children undergoing adenoidectomy with bilateral myringotomy and the insertion of tubes. Eighty children 1-7 yr of age were studied. Thirty minutes prior to the induction of anesthesia, all patients received 0.5 mg/kg midazolam orally. Patients were(More)
UNLABELLED Midazolam is widely used as a preanesthetic medication for children. Prior studies have used extemporaneous formulations to disguise the bitter taste of IV midazolam and to improve patient acceptance, but with unknown bioavailability. In this prospective, randomized, double-blinded study we examined the efficacy, safety, and taste acceptability(More)
BACKGROUND Emergence agitation in children is frequently associated with the use of the new highly insoluble volatile anaesthetics. Rapid emergence has been cited as one of the possible causes. Propofol also permits rapid emergence from general anaesthesia but is not associated with agitation. METHODS The emergence characteristics of children receiving(More)
UNLABELLED Desflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia are associated with emergence agitation in children. In this study, we examined the effect of a single intraoperative dose of fentanyl on emergence characteristics in children undergoing adenoidectomy. One hundred children, 2-7 yr old, were randomly assigned to receive desflurane or sevoflurane for(More)
UNLABELLED The rapid emergence and recovery from general anesthesia provided by desflurane is associated with a frequent incidence of emergence agitation in children. We sought to determine the mean effective dose of fentanyl that would significantly reduce the incidence of emergence agitation while preserving rapid recovery. Thirty-two children undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND A randomized, double-blinded trial was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the S-Caine Patch (ZARS, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT), a eutectic mixture of lidocaine and tetracaine, for pain relief during venipuncture in children. METHODS With institutional review board approval, parental consent, and patient assent, 64 children who were(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the hypothesis that endotoxin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) are released into the circulation during the perioperative period in children undergoing open-heart surgery, and to assess the possible role of these factors in postoperative morbidity. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Operating room and ICU of a children's(More)
UNLABELLED We assessed the efficacy and safety of ondansetron (0.1 mg/kg IV) prophylactically administered before surgery for prevention of postoperative vomiting (POV) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 670 pediatric patients, 1- to 24-mo-old, undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia. The study enrolled 335 children in each(More)
Most patients undergoing general anaesthesia are apnoeic during laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. This study determined the time until the onset of desaturation following pre-oxygenation in apnoeic infants, children, and adolescents. Fifty ASA physical status I patients, 2 days to 18 yr of age, were studied. The patients were stratified into one of five(More)