Learn More
INTRODUCTION Host immunity should play a principal role in determining both the outcome and recovery of patients with sepsis that originated from a microbial infection. Quantification of the levels of key elements of the immune response could have a prognostic value in this disease. METHODS In an attempt to evaluate the quantitative changes in the status(More)
Hepatitis C virus causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The infection induces up-regulation of cytokine and chemokines commonly linked to the development of cellular and pro-inflammatory antiviral responses. The current standard in hepatitis C treatment consists of combination regimens of pegylated interferon-alpha plus ribavirin. The impact(More)
The relationships between cytokine responses in septic shock are currently poorly understood. Some studies have pointed to a biphasic model, with an initial proinflammatory phase, followed by a reactive, anti-inflammatory response to explain the pathogenesis of the most severe form of sepsis. However, evidence for the coexistence of both responses has been(More)
Identification of patients at increased risk of death is dramatically important in severe sepsis. Cytokines have been widely assessed as potential biomarkers in this disease, but none of the cytokines studied has evidenced a sufficient specificity or sensitivity to be routinely employed in clinical practice. In this pilot study, we profiled 17 immune(More)
Pandemic H1N1 influenza A (H1N1pdm) is currently a dominant circulating influenza strain worldwide. Severe cases of H1N1pdm infection are characterized by prolonged activation of the immune response, yet the specific role of inflammatory mediators in disease is poorly understood. The inflammatory cytokine IL-6 has been implicated in both seasonal and severe(More)
Diagnostic methods based upon exclusive detection of haemagglutinin do not detect sequence variation in other gene segments of the Influenza A virus. A complementary approach is described based upon high-resolution melting curve analysis of the neuraminidase gene, an approach with the potential ability to detect small changes in the neuraminidase sequence(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the tigecycline activity profile against Acinetobacter spp. by Etest versus broth microdilution in isolates with high Etest MIC. METHODS Acinetobacter spp. isolates with tigecycline MICs of >or=0.5 mg/L determined by commercially developed Etests strips (January 2006 to July 2007) in five Spanish hospitals were considered. Values(More)
BACKGROUND Severe disease caused by 2009 pandemic influenza A/H1N1virus is characterized by the presence of hypercytokinemia. The origin of the exacerbated cytokine response is unclear. As observed previously, uncontrolled influenza virus replication could strongly influence cytokine production. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the(More)
Viruses are strongly associated with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Interferon-inducible protein-10 has been recently described as a biomarker of human rhinovirus infection, but there are no reports on the role of other immune mediators in AECOPD of viral origin. As an attempt to evaluate the differences in the(More)