Raúl Martín-Ruiz

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We examined the in vivo effects of the hallucinogen 4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOI). DOI suppressed the firing rate of 7 of 12 dorsal raphe (DR) serotonergic (5-HT) neurons and partially inhibited the rest (ED(50) = 20 microg/kg, i.v.), an effect reversed by M100907 (5-HT(2A) antagonist) and picrotoxinin (GABA(A) antagonist). DOI (1 mg/kg, s.c.)(More)
The addition of low doses of atypical antipsychotic drugs, which saturate 5-HT(2A) receptors, enhances the therapeutic effect of selective serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in patients with major depression as well as treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. The purpose of the present studies was to test the(More)
We studied the control of dorsal raphe (DR) serotonergic neurons by dopaminergic transmission in rat brain using microdialysis and single unit extracellular recordings. Apomorphine (0.5-3.0 mg/kg s.c.) and quinpirole (0.5 mg/kg s.c.) increased serotonin (5-HT) output in the DR and (only apomorphine) in striatum. These effects were antagonized by 0.3 mg/kg(More)
Electrophysiological, biochemical, and behavioural studies have suggested that opiate withdrawal is mediated, at least in part, by a hyperactivity of locus coeruleus (LC) neurones. The aim of this study was to evaluate, using single-unit extracellular recordings, the role of NO in the opiate withdrawal-induced hyperactivity of LC neurones in anaesthetized(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent studies have described the existence of endogenous cannabinoids with vasodilator activity because of their interaction with peripheral CB1 receptors, anandamide being the most extensively investigated. The study investigated whether endogenous cannabinoids are involved in the pathogenesis of the cardiovascular disturbances in(More)
Using in vivo microdialysis in freely moving rats, we examined the involvement of major striatal transmitters on the local modulation of the 5-HT release. Tetrodotoxin reduced the striatal 5-HT output to 15-20% of baseline. The selective 5-HT(1B) receptor agonist CP 93129 (50 microM) reduced (50%) and the 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor agonist DOI (1-100 microM)(More)
1. Imidazoline binding sites have been reported to be present in the locus coeruleus (LC). To investigate the role of these sites in the control of LC neuron activity, we studied the effect of imidazolines using in vivo and in vitro single-unit extracellular recording techniques. 2. In anaesthetized rats, local (27 pmoles) and systemic (1 mg kg(-1), i.v.)(More)
VN2222 (1-(benzo[b]thiophen-3-yl)-3-[4-(2-methoxiphenyl piperazin-1-yl]propan-1-ol) is a potential antidepressant with high affinity for the serotonin transporter and 5-HT(1A) receptors. Locally applied, VN2222 enhanced the extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) concentration (5-HT(ext)) in rat striatum to 780% of baseline whereas its systemic(More)
Postsynaptic 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) (5-HT(1A)) receptors have been proposed to participate in the control of dorsal raphe 5-HT neurone activity. To further investigate this hypothesis we performed single-unit extracellular recordings in anaesthetized rats. Pertussis toxin (2 microg/4 microl/day; 2 days, 24-72 h before the experiment) was applied close to(More)
In this study we investigated, using in vivo microdialysis and single unit recordings, the role of serotonin4 (5-HT4) receptors in the control of nigrostriatal and mesoaccumbal dopaminergic (DA) pathway activity. In freely moving rats, the 5-HT4 antagonist GR 125487 (1 mg/kg, i.p.), without effect on its own, significantly reduced the enhancement of(More)