Raúl E. Torres

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Only mature B lymphocytes can enter the lymphoid follicles of spleen and lymph nodes and thus efficiently participate in the immune response. Mature, long-lived B lymphocytes derive from short-lived precursors generated in the bone marrow. We show that selection into the mature pool is an active process and takes place in the spleen. Two populations of(More)
Fresh frozen menisci have recently been shown to have an altered meniscal ultrastructure. The cause might be a deterioration of its permeability due to collagen net disarray. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cryopreserved meniscus in terms of ultrastructure and cellularity. Ten fresh human lateral menisci were harvested. Collagen architecture(More)
This study compares cancer incidence in the United States National Survey areas and Puerto Rico for the period of 1969 to 1974. There are several differences between the 2 areas. Puerto Rico has a higher incidence of cancer of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, cervix uteri, vulva, and penis. The Survey areas have higher incidences of cancer of the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of injury to the posterolateral structures of the knee when performing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction from the anteromedial portal while fixing the graft with a femoral cross-pin system. METHODS The anterior cruciate ligament was reconstructed arthroscopically with hamstring graft in 10(More)
This article discusses the complications after open reduction and internal fixation of ankle fractures. Complications are classified as perioperative (malreduction, inadequate fixation, and intra-articular penetration of hardware), early postoperative (wound edge dehiscence, necrosis, infection and compartment syndrome), and late (stiffness, distal(More)
The simultaneous administration of the DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor etoposide (0.15 mM) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3) (10 nM) synergistically induced the differentiation of HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells. Similar results were obtained using U-937 human promonocytic cells, or the topoisomerase II inhibitors doxorubicin (15 nM) and(More)
BACKGROUND A more oblique placement of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft has been related to better control of rotatory knee stability. Femoral fixation with a transverse system might injure its posterolateral structures. HYPOTHESIS A cross-pin system, originally developed for transtibial reconstruction of the ACL, can safely be used when(More)
Viable meniscal transplantation has been criticized as an expensive and logistically demanding technique. The purpose was to compare the standard culture medium with another culture medium that is more widely available and easier to work with and to assess the collagen net ultrastructure architecture and the capacity of the preserved cells to produce(More)
PURPOSE To compare drilling the femoral tunnel with an offset aimer and BullsEye guide (ConMed Linvatec, Largo, FL) to perform an anatomic single-bundle reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) through the anteromedial portal. METHODS Seven matched pairs of cadaveric knees were studied. The intent was to drill the femoral tunnel anatomically(More)