Raúl Beltrán

Learn More
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is considered to be the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome and is usually related to high-fat, high-cholesterol diets. With the rationale that the identification and quantification of metabolites in different metabolic pathways may facilitate the discovery of clinically accessible biomarkers, we report the use of(More)
The paraoxonase (PON) enzyme family, comprising PON1, PON2, and PON3, are antioxidant enzymes that degrade oxidised phospholipids. We describe the immunohistochemical localisation of the PON proteins in the normal mouse. Antibodies were obtained by inoculating rabbits with peptides derived from specific sequences of mature PONs. PON1 and PON3 were detected(More)
AIMS We investigated the analytical performance of a new assay of the lactonase activity of paraoxonase-1 and its efficacy in the assessment of liver damage. DESIGN AND METHODS Serum lactonase activity was determined by the hydrolysis of 5-thiobutyl butyrolactone in 633 healthy individuals and 369 patients with chronic liver disease. Paraoxonase-1, 2, and(More)
BACKGROUND Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is an antioxidant enzyme synthesized by the liver. It protects against liver impairment and attenuates the production of the pro-inflammatory monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). We investigated the relationships between hepatic PON1 and MCP-1 expression in rats with liver disease and explored the possible molecular(More)
Probiotics are nonpathogenic bacteria that can promote bird health by reducing pathogen colonization. Researchers have previously demonstrated that the avian immune response can be modulated with probiotics, which may provide a mechanism for the reported reductions in pathogens. We examined phagocyte oxidative burst and cell proliferation of vaccinated(More)
To assess the role of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) in the development of fatty liver, we have used LDLr(-/-) mice as an animal model of high-fat, high-cholesterol diet-induced liver steatosis. The rapid dietary induction of hepatic mRNA MCP-1 expression was paralleled by a concomitant increase in plasma MCP-1 that was strongly associated(More)
Liposomes loaded with rifampicin and isoniazid were used experimentally to treat mice with severe tuberculosis. The animals were distributed in four groups. The control group and the group treated with unloaded liposomes showed the severest disease. Both groups showed the lowest accumulated survival, about 50% after 30 days. The numbers of(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is an antioxidant enzyme that is bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDLs). We evaluated whether PON1 gene haplotypes influence the metabolic disturbances, presence of subclinical atherosclerosis, and virologic outcome associated with the(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) plays a relevant role in macrophage migration but recent findings suggest an additional role in lipid and glucose metabolism. We report the use of (1)H NMR spectroscopy as a useful complementary method to assess the metabolic function of this gene in a comparative strategy. This metabonomic analysis was rapid,(More)
BACKGROUND Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is an enzyme synthesized by the liver and plays an important role in lipogenesis. The present study aimed to assess whether serum FASN concentrations are altered in patients with chronic liver disease, and to investigate whether its measurement may be a useful tool in the clinical evaluation of this derangement. (More)