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Ethanol (EtOH) has both locomotor stimulant and locomotor ataxic effects. Repeated EtOH treatment can result in the development of behavioral sensitization (increased sensitivity) similar to that seen with the classical stimulant drugs amphetamine and cocaine. However, it has been suggested for EtOH that sensitization may be a by-product of the development(More)
Acquisition and retention of tolerance to ethanol's rate-decreasing effects on operant performance were examined in rats which received a 52-day regimen of ethanol or saline injections prior to and/or after each daily session. Eight groups of rats differed on: (a) number of days with intoxicated practice (pre-session ethanol); (b) intermittent (spaced) or(More)
Twelve male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained in a standard two-choice Drug 1-Drug 2 discrimination task utilizing 3.0 mg/kg chlordiazepoxide (CDP, an anxiolytic drug) and 20 mg/kg pentylenetetrazol (PTZ, an anxiogenic drug) as discriminative stimuli under a VR 5-15 schedule of food reinforcement. Saline tests conducted at specific time points after acute(More)
Increased recognition of the advantages of genetic animal models has led to heightened interest in their use and development. A replicated bidirectional selective breeding project has produced lines of mice that differ in their locomotor responses to 2.0 g/kg ethanol. FAST-1 and FAST-2 mice are highly stimulated by ethanol (EtOH), whereas SLOW-1 and SLOW-2(More)
The effects of caffeine upon the discriminative and rate-altering effects of cocaine were examined in rats. Using a food-reinforced two-lever operant procedure, 12 Sprague-Dawley male rats were trained to discriminate between 10 mg/kg cocaine and saline. Stimulus generalization tests with both cocaine and amphetamine resulted in a dose-related increase in(More)
FAST and SLOW selected mouse lines were bred for differences in locomotor response to low-dose ethanol. FAST mice exhibit an extreme stimulant response and SLOW mice exhibit locomotor depression at the same ethanol dose. We tested the hypothesis that gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) systems modulate ethanol's stimulant effects by examining convulsant(More)
The effects of pre-session and post-session daily ethanol injections on the development and loss of tolerance to ethanol's effects on fixed ratio operant performance in rats was assessed using a cumulative dosing procedure. Daily pre-session ethanol administration produced a greater decrease in ethanol sensitivity than did daily post-session ethanol. Both(More)
Twelve male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained in a two-choice, food reinforced, drug discrimination task utilizing 10 mg/kg cocaine and saline as discriminative stimuli. Subjects were tested for stimulus generalization with a wide range of cocaine doses and several dose combinations of caffeine, ephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine (CEP). Caffeine produced(More)
Rats were trained to discriminate chlordiazepoxide (CDP) from pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) in a two-lever food motivated discrimination task. Training drug doses were adjusted until subjects emitted approximately 50% of their responses on each of the two drug-appropriate levers during saline injection tests. Tests that followed injection of CDP/PTZ combinations(More)