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BACKGROUND The study describes the initial experience and learning curve of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) during thyroidectomy. We describe the prevalence and patterns of IONM technical problems. METHODS Prospective series of 152 consecutive thyroid operations (304 nerves at risk) were analyzed. Standard technique consists of monitoring vagal and(More)
The effects of surgical trauma resulting from laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy, were compared by assessing the postoperative acute phase alterations of selected plasma proteins, hormones and lymphocyte subpopulations in fifty-seven patients prior to elective cholecystectomy. Patients were prospectively randomized to undergo either(More)
Colonic stents potentially offer effective palliation for patients with bowel obstruction attributable to incurable malignancy, and a "bridge to surgery" for those in whom emergency surgery would necessitate a stoma. Literature search of the Medline, Scopus and Cochrane Library was performed to identify comparative studies reporting outcomes on colonic(More)
Since the first report in 1991 the laparoscopic resection of colon cancer is progressing slowly and just in the last 2-3 years is becoming more popular. The resistance to its use by some general and colo-rectal surgeons is receding. The explanations are that technology is evolving quickly and there is a worldwide diffusion of more sophisticated surgical(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Enteric fistulas are defined by their sites of origin, communication and flow. We evaluate the treatment of complex patients with entero-cutaneous fistulae with large abdominal wall defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective case note review of 19 patients (15 males, median age 46 years) treated at the Department of Surgical Sciences,(More)
Experimental models of acute pancreatitis have been developed for more than a century. Although not closely comparable to human disease, they have contributed to our understanding of the physiopathology and cell biology of the disease. The methods used for the induction are subjected to critical examination. In the relevant literature findings, the(More)
This study has been undertaken to investigate if the intravenous (i.v.) infusion of fat emulsions may be associated with impairment of some immunological functions thus increasing the risk of septic complications. Fifteen malnourished patients with advanced gastric or esophageal cancer received for 2 weeks preoperatively and 1 week after surgery an(More)
INTRODUCTION Bowel resection is now considered the "gold standard" treatment for severe endometriosis infiltrating the bowel. Laparoscopic colorectal resection can be considered a safe option in order to reduce surgical trauma and complications as well as to improve cosmetics. Transvaginal approach, used for several years to remove large specimens, can be(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) are rare; diagnosis and prognosis of these tumors are often complex. We present short and long term results of surgical resection for GIST at the Department of Surgery, University of Insubria, during a period of 14 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS All patients' data, tumor characteristics, surgical(More)