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The brains of 232 patients with a case-note diagnosis of schizophrenia or affective disorder who died in one mental hospital over a period of 22 years were weighed, and were assessed in a coronal section at the level of the interventricular foramina. From this sample were eliminated the brains of patients whose illnesses did not meet the Washington(More)
An automatic method for the accurate registration of computed tomography (CT) data with two camera-calibrated radiographs is presented. The registration is based on the skull as visualized both in the plain radiographs and in radiographs digitally reconstructed from CT. A reference coordinate system is established based on the radiographic projection(More)
Novel methods are presented which allow the estimation of the effect of stereotactic fiducial marker localization on target localization in a stereotactic surgery planning program based on the integration of image data from various modalities. The results of simulations are presented. A method for the evaluation of the effect of fiducial marker localization(More)
During fasting and many systemic diseases, muscle undergoes rapid loss of protein and functional capacity. To define the transcriptional changes triggering muscle atrophy and energy conservation in fasting, we used cDNA microarrays to compare mRNAs from muscles of control and food-deprived mice. Expression of >94% of genes did not change, but interesting(More)
PURPOSE To present a computer method that can be used to combine the images from a sequence of fluorescein angiograms of the retinal microcirculation so that a composite image can be generated and a color image illustrating circulation at all points in the vascular network can be computed. This should enable more accurate comparison of retinal vascular(More)
This paper reports the findings of a study designed to examine observer variation as a source of inaccuracy inherent in the use of computer-assisted image analysis to measure areas of stained tissue. The rat pituitary immunostained for prolactin and galanin was used as an example to estimate patterns of immunoreactivity exhibited by different cell types.(More)
The distribution of beta-amyloid protein (beta A4) in the frontal and temporal isocortex of 14 Alzheimer's disease brains was examined using a combination of immunohistochemistry and computer image analysis. The area of cortex covered by beta A4 deposits was determined and expressed as a percentage of the total cortical grey matter area in each field of(More)
Lateral ventricular size, as assessed by computed tomography, was not significantly greater in manic-depressive cases than in neurotic patients, but 19% of manic-depressive cases had ventricular brain ratios (VBR) more than two standard deviations above the neurotic mean. Few correlates of VBR were found in the features of the illness and the treatment(More)
The distribution of beta-amyloid protein (beta A4) was examined in the medial temporal lobes from cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 13), senile dementia of Lewy body type (SDLT) (n = 12) and age matched controls (n = 9). Using a previously described image analysis technique the extent of beta A4 pathology was determined in ten distinct anatomical sites(More)