Learn More
A circadian rhythm in the toxicity of acetaminophen administered at different times of the day was exhibited in male mice. Peak lethality (70% dead) occurred at 1800 hr and nadir lethality (10% dead) occurred at 1000 hr. Hepatic nonprotein sulfhydryl (NPS) concentrations also varied in a circadian manner and were found to exhibit an inverse relationship to(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that oltipraz [OTP: 5-(2-pyrazinyl)-4-methyl-1,2-dithiol-3-thione] prevented the hepatotoxicity of acetaminophen (AAP) in hamsters and that the observed protection was not related to increases in hepatic reduced glutathione (GSH) levels. These experiments were designed to elucidate the mechanism of OTP-induced protection with(More)
Experiments were undertaken to examine the ability of selenium to protect against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity and to examine possible mechanisms for this protective effect. Pretreatment of male, Sprague-Dawley rats with sodium selenite (12.5 mumol Se/kg, ip) 24 hr prior to acetaminophen administration produced a significant protection against the(More)
Experiments were conducted to examine the effects of changes in lighting schedules and food consumption on circadian rhythms in acetaminophen lethality and hepatic glutathione levels in male mice. Under a normal lighting schedule (light: 06.00-18.00 h), male mice exhibited a circadian rhythm in acetaminophen lethality (peak: 18.00 h; nadir: 06.00, 10.00 h)(More)
A modification of a specific assay for the reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) species of glutathione is presented and compared with the method of Ellman (1959). The present method has an enzymatic basis using GSH as the specific cosubstrate for glutathione S-transferase activity. The enzymatic method resulted in comparable, but consistently lower, values for(More)
This five-layered model consisting of 180 neurons is aimed at simulating some elementary functions of primary visual cortex of mammals in form detection. Its main achievements are: 1. Detection of points, lines, simple geometric figures in the V1. 2. Abstraction of 19 different qualities of geometric figures. 3. Simulation and rational explanation of(More)
Circadian rhythms in the response to ethanol were investigated in male, Swiss-Webster mice. Significant circadian variations were observed in increased and decreased spontaneous locomotor activity induced by ethanol (2 or 4 mg/g i.p., respectively) and in the hypothermic response to ethanol with the greatest effect generally occurring during the dark phase(More)
Experiments were conducted to determine if substrate-specific changes in microsomal metabolism and liver proteins occurred in young (12-13 weeks) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) fed ad libitum compared to age-matched normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) control rats. The hepatic microsomal protein content in SHR rats was significantly increased compared to(More)
These studies were designed to test the hypothesis that oltipraz (OTP) provided protection against AAP intoxication in a sensitive species, the hamster; and further, to show that the sparing effect was related to the marked increase in hepatic reduced glutathione (GSH) levels. Dose-response and time-course experiments demonstrated that maximal increases in(More)