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The efficacy of transcervical insertions of quinacrine hydrochloride pellets to produce tubal occlusion has been evaluated in a study of 139 women in Santiago, Chile. At one year, the pregnancy rate was 3.1%, an acceptable rate for a nonsurgical method of female sterilization.
The contraceptive properties of two adrenergically active drugs, propranolol and reserpine, were measured in vivo and in vitro. Propranolol became effective as a spermicide for human sperm at a concentration of about 2 x 10(-3) M and for rat sperm at 2 x 10(-2) M. Reserpine was also more effective on human than rat sperm and about 20 times less effective(More)
The efficacy and tolerability of 80 mg propranolol tablets as a vaginal contraceptive were studied in 198 fertile women for 11 months. The calculated one year life table pregnancy rate was 3.4/100 women and the Pearl index was 3.9/100 women years. No major adverse effects were encountered. The findings suggested that propranolol is an effective vaginal(More)
The Stark splitting of a single fourfold degenerate impurity located within the built-in potential of a metal-semiconductor contact is investigated using low temperature transport measurements. A model is developed and used to analyze transport as a function of temperature, bias voltage, and magnetic field. Our data is consistent with a boron impurity. We(More)
Extensive research has been undertaken to develop a simple method of non-surgical female sterilization. Zipper and associates identified quinacrine hydrochloride as a drug likely to produce tubal occlusion when placed into the uterus. Zipper's early work with a solution of quinacrine led to the development of quinacrine pellets, a delivery system that was(More)
Abal~ct We have studied electron heating in a 2DEG in GaAs/AIGaAs heterojunctions below 0.5 IC The electron temperature was raised above the lattice temperature using Joule heat/n& Weak localiT~tion and the temperature-dependent sample resistance were used as thermometers for the electrons. The electron-phonon energy relaxation rate was found to be(More)
Characteristics of the calcareous deposits on several hundred IUDs of various designs and materials following in vivo exposures were examined, and an in vitro method of study was devised. There were 650 copper-wound IUDs and 18 plastic IUDs. The copper-wound IUDs had been in the uteri for 6-27 months; the plastic IUDs for 3 months to over 8 years. (More)
Spermicides have long been used for vaginal contraception. Quinine was the prototype membrane-active drug used as a vaginal spermicide. Subsequently, propranolol, in both racemic and D-isomeric forms, has been shown to be a powerful inhibitor of sperm motility. The transmembrane migration ratio method was used to quantify the effects of various drugs(More)