Learn More
The diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy is one of exclusion, made after careful search for an underlying cause. Research in this area is compromised by the reliance of some on clinical criteria alone without strict echocardiographic criteria. This article argues for uniform criteria that define peripartum cardiomyopathy, similar to the criteria for(More)
OBJECTIVES Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare complication of pregnancy. Thirty percent of patients with this disorder are reported to recover baseline ventricular function within 6 months of delivery, but the ability of these ventricles to respond to hemodynamic stress is unknown. The aim of this investigation was to quantitatively assess the contractile(More)
Congestive heart failure is an uncommon complication of pregnancy with potentially life-threatening consequences. Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a disease of unknown cause in which severe left ventricular dysfunction occurs during late pregnancy or the early puerperium. In the past, the diagnosis of this entity was made on clinical grounds; however, modern(More)
Hyperthyroidism has been reported to affect all of the major determinants of left ventricular performance in a manner that would augment ventricular shortening characteristics. The hypothesis tested in this study is that reduced afterload in conjunction with increased preload and heart rate, rather than augmented contractility, accounts for much of the(More)
Idiopathic-dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) is a common primary myocardial disease of unknown etiology characterized by progressive biventricular failure, cardiac dilatation, and premature mortality. Here we show that transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative form of the CREB transcription factor (CREBA133) under the control of the cardiac myocyte-specific(More)
Assessment of viable myocardium before and after interventional therapy has become a critical issue in modern cardiology. This report describes a new contrast echocardiographic technique using conventional two-dimensional imaging during direct intracoronary injections of small volumes (1.5 to 2.0 cc) of sonicated Renografin-76. Contrast echocardiography was(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic wall motion asynchrony is a major determinant of impaired left ventricular (LV) filling in patients with concentric hypertrophy and coronary artery disease. We evaluated the ability of Color Kinesis, a new echocardiographic technique that color-encodes endocardial motion, to quantitatively assess global and regional LV filling(More)
Genetically modified mice have created the need for accurate noninvasive left ventricular mass (LVM) measurements. Recent technical advances provide two-dimensional images adequate for LVM calculation using the area-length method, which in humans is more accurate than M-mode methods. We compared the standard M-mode and area-length methods in mice over a(More)
The disease entity "diabetic cardiomyopathy" has been extensively described in young patients with diabetes in the absence of ischemic, hypertensive or valvular heart disease. The most convincing data have been a 30% to 40% incidence of decreased radionuclide angiographic left ventricular ejection fraction response to dynamic exercise. In the current study,(More)
Echocardiographic diagnosis of myocardial ischemia is based on visualizing hypokinesis, which occurs late in the ischemic cascade. We hypothesized that temporal changes in endocardial motion may constitute sensitive early markers of ischemia. Two protocols were performed in 19 anesthetized pigs. Protocol 1 included 54 intracoronary balloon occlusions.(More)