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The diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy is one of exclusion, made after careful search for an underlying cause. Research in this area is compromised by the reliance of some on clinical criteria alone without strict echocardiographic criteria. This article argues for uniform criteria that define peripartum cardiomyopathy, similar to the criteria for(More)
Idiopathic-dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) is a common primary myocardial disease of unknown etiology characterized by progressive biventricular failure, cardiac dilatation, and premature mortality. Here we show that transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative form of the CREB transcription factor (CREBA133) under the control of the cardiac myocyte-specific(More)
Transgenic and knock-out mice with cardiovascular phenotypes have created the need for methods to measure murine arterial and ventricular mechanics. The aims of this study were (1) to develop a method for the assessment of wall stress (sigma es)-rate corrected velocity of fiber shortening (Vcfc) relation and (2) to assess the feasibility of quantifying(More)
The T-tube model of systemic arterial circulation was examined with respect to the physiological relevance of model parameters. root aortic pressure [Pao(t)] and flow [Qao(t)] and descending aortic flow [Qb(t)] were measured in anesthetized, open-chest dogs under control conditions, during inflation of a balloon positioned in the left external iliac artery(More)
This study examined cardiac remodeling and functional changes induced by 5 days of head-down (-6°) bed rest (HDBR) and the effectiveness of short-arm centrifugation (SAC) in preventing them in males. Twelve healthy men (mean age: 33 ± 7) were enrolled in a crossover design study (BR-AG1, European Space Agency), including one sedentary (CTRL) and two daily(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) is a valuable prognostic index in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Although EF can be readily measured, many clinicians use roentgenographic heart size as a clue to differentiate systolic from diastolic dysfunction, even in the absence of solid supportive data. OBJECTIVE To test the(More)
BACKGROUND We describe a method for objective assessment of left ventricular (LV) endocardial wall motion based on Color Kinesis, a new echocardiographic technique that color-encodes pixel transitions between blood and myocardial tissue. METHODS AND RESULTS We developed a software that analyzes Color Kinesis images and provides quantitative indices of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of variations in blood ionized calcium (Ca2+) on myocardial contractility independent of changes in loading conditions and other biochemical variables. DESIGN Hemodialysis done in a randomized, double-blind manner with dialysates differing in calcium concentration only. Left ventricular contractility was assessed(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to further define the role of nesiritide (human b-type natriuretic peptide) in the therapy of decompensated heart failure (HF) by assessing the hemodynamic effects of three doses (0.015, 0.03 and 0.06 microg/kg/min) administered by continuous intravenous (IV) infusion over 24 h as compared with placebo. BACKGROUND(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic disruption of the aorta (TDA) is a life-threatening injury that requires rapid diagnosis and treatment. Emergency aortography, which is the current standard diagnostic imaging modality, is invasive, time-consuming, and difficult to perform in hemodynamically unstable patients with multiple trauma. We performed transesophageal(More)