RFT McMahon

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Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine. Its production in humans is under genetic control, and genotype defines high or low producers of this cytokine. This study addresses the hypothesis that idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are more likely to have the low IL-10 producer genotype and phenotype. DNA was extracted from(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic liver disease is characterised by excessive deposition of collagen and other extracellular matrix proteins, produced mainly, but not exclusively, by activated hepatic stellate cells in the perisinusoidal space. In primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) fibrosis is concentrated mainly around the portal tracts. AIMS To examine the hypothesis(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess histopathologists' ability to accurately diagnose bronchopneumonia, both on naked eye and microscopic examination; to extrapolate from the error rate to determine whether the role of the necropsy in monitoring the epidemiology of clinical error might be compromised. METHODS Review of archival histological sections and necropsy reports(More)
AIMS Prostaglandins produced by the action of cyclooxygenases (COX) are important mediators of systemic vasodilatation and inflammation in liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of COX-1 and COX-2 in postviral cirrhosis. METHODS The immunohistochemical expression of the constitutive (COX-1) and the inducible (COX-2)(More)
BACKGROUND Colonic ischaemia is a well documented complication of abdominal aortic reconstruction. In this prospective study patients had routine preoperative and postoperative colonoscopy and biopsy, in order to determine the true incidence and implications. METHODS Fifty-six patients undergoing elective infrarenal aortic surgery, 28 for aneurysm and 28(More)
A series of 155 patients who underwent nephrectomy for renal carcinoma between 1965 and 1985 at Manchester Royal Infirmary were analysed for survival in relationship to presenting features, surgical staging and histopathology. Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out. Five-year survival estimates for stage 1 disease were 81%, for stage 2(More)
The glycoconjugate content of normal salivary glands has been extensively investigated in humans by biochemical means and in non-human mammals by histochemical methods. However, there have been few histochemical studies of human tissues. This paper describes the findings obtained in parotid, submandibular and minor salivary glands by applying a panel of 13(More)
Acid-base transport systems have been incompletely characterized in intact intestinal epithelial cells. We therefore studied the human cell line Caco-2, cultured on Teflon membranes to form confluent monolayers with apical microvilli on transmission electron microscopy and progressive enrichment in microvillar hydrolases. Monolayers (16- to 25-day-old),(More)
Studies of breast cancer suggest that parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is important in the development of bone metastases. To determine whether PTHrP expression is important in prostate cancer metastasis, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization were used to assess the expression of PTHrP and its receptor in primary prostate cancer and bone(More)
Pelvic ileo-anal reservoir (ileal pouch) formation is now a common surgical approach to the management of long-standing inflammatory bowel disease. The ileal mucosa in this new environment responds with changes in morphology and histochemical reactivity, as shown by conventional techniques. In this study, pre-pouch ileum and pouch ileal mucosa from 20(More)