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Peptide C1 (residues 68-88) from GP and rat BP differ by a single amino acid interchange at residue 79. This residue is serine in GP C1 and threonine in rat C1. GP C1 was encephalitogenic in Le rats at doses as low as 15 ng. Rat C1 was encephalitogenic at doses of 1,500 ng or greater. LNC from rats challenged with 25 X 10(-4) micronmol of GP C1 and 250 X(More)
Phosphorylation of myelin basic protein (MBP) in rat or rabbit brain myelin was markedly stimulated by Ca2+, and this reaction was not essentially augmented by exogenous phosphatidylserine or calmodulin or both. Solubilization of myelin with 0.4% Triton X-100 plus 4 mM EGTA, with or without further fractionation, showed that Ca2+-dependent phosphorylation(More)
Using the sodium sulfate precipitation radioimmunoassay and solid-phase radioimmunoassay, we measured antibody to intact human myelin basic protein and myelin basic protein peptic fragments, residues 1-44, 45-89, and 90-170, in CSF. Comparable levels of binding were obtained for MS and normal CSF by both tests. The increased amount of CSF IgG in MS patients(More)
After challenge with guiena pig basic protein (GPBP) Lewis (Le) rats, which are homozygous for the immune response experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (Ir-EAE) gene, developed positive delayed skin tests against GPBP and the 43 residue encephalitogenic fragment (EF); in addition, Le rat lymph node cells (LNC) were stimulated and produced migration(More)
Rats that received intracranial injections of [3H]leucine at 14 days of age were killed on days 17, 24, 38, 55, and 89 post-injection. Brains were homogenized and the myelin membranes separated in a sucrose density gradient. At day 17 sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gels of water-shocked, delipidated membrane fractions showed a difference in the(More)
The conformation of myelin encephalitogenic or basic protein (BP) was investigated with a double-antibody radioimmunoassay by studying the reaction of BP or its fragments with antibodies produced in two rabbits against peptide 43-88 linked to rabbit serum albumin. Both antisera reacted well with peptide 43-88 but showed little or no reaction with BP.(More)
SJL/J and (SJL X PL) F1 hybrid mice were immunized with intact human myelin basic protein (MBP) or the three major peptic fragments of MBP, residues 1-38, 39-89, and 90-170. Immune spleen cells were fused with mouse myeloma P3 X 63Ag8 (NS1) cells in the presence of polyethylene glycol. Hybridoma supernatant culture fluids were screened for antibody to MBP(More)
We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the possible association between exposure to dogs and MS. Seventy cases were compared with 70 age- and sex-matched neighborhood controls and 57 cases with 57 age- and sex-matched clinic controls. No association was found, by age groups or by time periods before onset of MS, between MS and presence of any dog, a(More)