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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the established impaired phagocyte function in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients also affects apoptotic cell clearance. Accumulation of apoptotic waste as a source for autoantigens that induce and maintain autoimmune responses is discussed. METHODS Apoptosis was detected by morphology and propidium iodide(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by a diverse array of autoantibodies, particularly against nuclear antigens, thought to derive from apoptotic and necrotic cells. Impaired clearance functions for dying cells may explain accumulation of apoptotic cells in SLE tissues, and secondary necrosis of these cells may contribute to the chronic(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multifactorial disease and its pathogenesis and precise aetiology remain unknown. Under physiological conditions, neither apoptotic nor necrotic cell material is easily found in tissues because of its quick removal by a highly efficient scavenger system. Autoantigens are found in apoptotic and necrotic material and(More)
The phagocytosis of dying cells is an integral feature of apoptosis and necrosis. There are many receptors involved in recognition of dying cells, however, the molecular mechanisms of the scavenging process remain elusive. The activation by necrotic cells of complement is well established, however, the importance of complement in the scavenging process of(More)
PURPOSE Low-dose radiotherapy (LD-RT) is known to exert an anti-inflammatory effect, but the underlying radiobiological and immunological mechanisms remain elusive. In recent studies, we observed a reduced adhesion of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to endothelial cells (EC) after LD-RT (0.3-0.7 Gy). This shows that this treatment affects the(More)
Analysis of somatic mutations revealed that anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) autoantibodies from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) share features of a T cell dependent, antigen driven immune response. Therefore we analysed the length diversity of the complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3) of T cell receptor (TCR) by high resolution gel(More)
Dying cells were basically unnoticed by scientists for a long time and only came back into the spotlight roughly 10 years ago. The process of recognition and uptake of apoptotic and necrotic cells is complex and failures in this process can contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here, we discuss the(More)