RAVAULT R. ORTAVANT

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The intensity of negative feedback of androgens on hypothalamo-hypophyseal activity was compared in two groups of castrated rams under 8.00 or 16.00 h of daily illumination respectively following a conditioning period. In experiment I, two groups of 15 rams under each light photoperiod were slaughtered at different times after a 200 mg testosterone(More)
Seasonality of the reproductive cycle in sheep is a general phenomenon for mid-latitude breeds. The proximal part (breeding season) and also partially distal part (end of gestation and beginning of lactation) of this cycle is controlled by photoperiod, whatever the form of light regimens. Data are presented which indicate that male and female do not(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the influence of photoperiod on growth hormone (GH) secretion in rams and its possible influence on body weight. Twenty young adult rams were divided into two groups. One was subjected to an annual (AR) and the other to a semestral (SR) light regime during the same 18-month period. In both groups, daylength (DL) varied(More)
The time of appearance of plasma LH and testosterone peaks through the day determined in 75 Préalpes du Sud and 41 Ile-de-France rams in December and in 44 Préalpes du Sud and 11 Ile-de-France rams in June. The distribution of peaks throughout the day was non-random for the two hormones in the two breeds and for both times of the year (P less than 0.01 at(More)
Evidence of a circadian photosensitive phase in male mink, whose annual reproductive cycle is characterized by the recrudescence of testicular development in autumn, was based on the study of testicular response after interrupting the dark period by light breaks (0.5 h) offered at various times. In this mammal, the experimental short days 4L:20D and 8L:16D(More)
Ram spermatozoa from the distal caput, corpus, and cauda epididymis and ejaculated spermatozoa were artificially inseminated in 170 ewes which had been treated with an ovulatory dose of PMSG 61 ! 4 hrs previously. Results were expressed as the percent of ewes pregnant 18 days after insemination (F = with positive progesterone assay/ Q inseminated) and(More)
The control of seasonal reproductive activity in sheep and goats in open sheds, needs extra-light (E) during the photosensitive phase (equivalent to long days, LD), followed by treatment with melatonin (equivalent to short days, SD). In autumn-born Ile-de-France or Lacaune ram lambs, 2 months of E followed by decreasing daylength for 90 days, advanced onset(More)