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Immunological correlates of AIDS-free survival after human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection are largely unknown. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses are generally believed to be a major component of protective immunity against viral infections. However, the relationship between HIV-1-specific CTL responses and disease progression rate is(More)
Entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) into target cells is mediated by binding of the surface envelope glycoprotein to the CD4 molecule. Interaction of the resulting CD4-glycoprotein complex with alpha- or beta-chemokine receptors, depending on the biological phenotype of the virus, then initiates the fusion process. Here, we show that(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS, infects human lymphocytes and monocytes. An interaction between the viral envelope gp 120 and CD4 protein is required to initiate an infectious cycle. HIV infection in vitro induces syncytium formation by cell-to-cell fusion; this aspect of viral cytopathogenicity is even more dependent on(More)
The pathogenic properties of four primary human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) isolates and two primary HIV-2 biological clones were studied in an in vivo human-to-mouse chimeric model. The cell-associated viral load and the ability to reduce the severity of the induced graft-versus-host disease symptoms, the CD4/CD8 ratio and the level of(More)
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