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Evidence is presented that a dominant allele, S, is expressed as a receptor for K88 on the brushborder surface of the pig intestinal cell. The homozygous recessive (ss) lacks this receptor. The receptor enables K88 - positive coliforms to adhere to the gut of the piglet which they must do if they are to cause neonatal diarrhoea. The homozygous recessive is(More)
When 54MnCl2 was incubated with fresh bovine or caprine serum for 20 h and the serum subjected to electrophoresis at pH 9.5, the 54Mn bound to transferrin and alpha2-macroglobulin in proportions which varied with the temperature of incubation and the temperature of electrophoresis. Between 0 and 37 degrees C, the higher the temperature of incubation the(More)
An in-vitro test that demonstrates adhesion of K88-positive Escherichia coli to brush borders prepared from the small intestine of the pig is described. K88-positive E. coli adhered to the brush borders from some pigs ("positive" pigs) but not others ("negative" pigs). The sires of the pigs tested could be placed into two groups, namely, those that sired(More)
The K88 antigen of Escherichia coli specifically adheres to the piglet intestinal cell; a solution of this antigen agglutinates guinea-pig red cells at 4 degrees C. The latter reaction was used as a model of the former, using inhibition of haemagglutination as an index of specific combination with the K88 adhesin. Inhibition was found with mucous(More)