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Intensely pleasurable responses to music correlate with activity in brain regions implicated in reward and emotion
  • A. Blood, R. Zatorre
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 25 September 2001
This finding links music with biologically relevant, survival-related stimuli via their common recruitment of brain circuitry involved in pleasure and reward.
Voice-selective areas in human auditory cortex
It is shown, using functional magnetic resonance imaging in human volunteers, that voice-selective regions can be found bilaterally along the upper bank of the superior temporal sulcus (STS), and their existence sheds new light on the functional architecture of the human auditory cortex.
Structure and function of auditory cortex: music and speech
It is proposed that cortical asymmetries might have developed as a general solution to the need to optimize processing of the acoustic environment in both temporal and frequency domains.
When the brain plays music: auditory–motor interactions in music perception and production
This work reviews the cognitive neuroscience literature of both motor and auditory domains, highlighting the value of studying interactions between these systems in a musical context, and proposes some ideas concerning the role of the premotor cortex in integration of higher order features of music with appropriately timed and organized actions.
Plasticity in gray and white: neuroimaging changes in brain structure during learning
Human brain imaging findings of structural plasticity are reviewed and cellular and molecular level changes that could underlie observed imaging effects are discussed, to facilitate cross-talk between cellular and systems level explanations of how learning sculpts brain structure.
Lateralization of phonetic and pitch discrimination in speech processing.
Processing changes in pitch produced activation of the right prefrontal cortex, consistent with the importance of right-hemisphere mechanisms in pitch perception.
Anatomically distinct dopamine release during anticipation and experience of peak emotion to music
It is found that intense pleasure in response to music can lead to dopamine release in the striatal system, and this results help to explain why music is of such high value across all human societies.
Interhemispheric anatomical differences in human primary auditory cortex: probabilistic mapping and volume measurement from magnetic resonance scans.
A preferential role for left PAC in processing temporal aspects of auditory stimuli is suggested and a probabilistic map of the region is produced which can be co-registered with any image of brain structure or function that has been similarly transformed.
Emotional responses to pleasant and unpleasant music correlate with activity in paralimbic brain regions
The findings suggest that music may recruit neural mechanisms similar to those previously associated with pleasant/unpleasant emotional states, but different from those underlying other components of music perception, and other emotions such as fear.
Changes in brain activity related to eating chocolate: from pleasure to aversion.
The hypothesis that there are two separate motivational systems: one orchestrating approach and another avoidance behaviours is supported, suggesting that the reward value of food is represented here.