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Effect of inducing nocturnal serum melatonin concentrations in daytime on sleep, mood, body temperature, and performance.
TLDR
The data indicate that orally administered melatonin can be a highly potent hypnotic agent and suggest that the physiological increase in serum melatonin levels, which occurs around 2100 h daily, may constitute a signal initiating normal sleep onset.
Release of Alzheimer amyloid precursor derivatives stimulated by activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.
TLDR
Stimulation of m1 and m3 receptor subtypes with carbachol increased the basal release of APP derivatives within minutes of treatment, indicating that preexisting APP is released in response to receptor activation and protein kinases mediate neurotransmitter receptor-controlled APP processing.
Brain serotonin content: physiological regulation by plasma neutral amino acids.
TLDR
The main determinant of brain tryPTophan and serotonin concentrations does not appear to be plasma tryptophan alone, but the ratio of this amino acid to other plasma neutral amino acids that compete with it for uptake into the brain.
An animal model of antipsychotic-induced weight gain
TLDR
Data show that an animal model of OLAN-induced weight gain is readily generated, and suggest that the weight gain results at least in part from increased food intake, reduced gross motor activity, and enhanced feed efficiency.
Brain Serotonin Content: Physiological Dependence on Plasma Tryptophan Levels
TLDR
Brain serotonin cocentrations at 1 p.m. were significantly elevated 1 hour after rats received a dose of L-tryptophan and plasma and brain tryptophan levels were elevated 10 to 60 minutes after the injection, but they never exceeded the concentrationis that occur nocturnally in untreated aninmals as result of their normal 24-hour rhythms.
Sleep‐inducing effects of low doses of melatonin ingested in the evening
TLDR
Exogenous melatonin may be useful in treating insomnia and nocturnal melatonin secretion may be involved in physiologic sleep onset, as assessed with mood and performance tests administered on the morning after treatment.
Effects of exogenous melatonin on sleep: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
The analysis used information derived from 17 different studies (involving 284 subjects) that satisfied inclusion criteria, and selected sleep onset latency, total sleep duration, and sleep efficiency were selected as the outcome measures.
Effects of normal meals rich in carbohydrates or proteins on plasma tryptophan and tyrosine ratios.
TLDR
Whether carbohydrate-rich or protein-rich breakfasts, such as those Americans normally eat, produce substantial differences in the plasma tryptophan-LNAA ratio and in the corresponding ratio for tyrosine, the precursor of brain dopamine and norepinephrine is determined.
Precursor control of neurotransmitter synthesis.
TLDR
This relationship allows precursor administration to produce selective physiologic effects by enhancing neurotransmitter release from some but not all of the neurons potentially capable of utilizing the precursor for this purpose, and allows the investigator to predict when administering the precursor might be useful for amplifying a physiologic process, or for treating a pathologic state.
Efficacy of Souvenaid in mild Alzheimer's disease: results from a randomized, controlled trial.
TLDR
Electroencephalography outcomes suggest that Souvenaid has an effect on brain functional connectivity, supporting the underlying hypothesis of changed synaptic activity.
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