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Comparative studies of piscine and amphibian iridoviruses
TLDR
A total of 30 iridoviruses collected from Australia, South-East Asia, North America, South America and Europe were characterised, and sequence data showed that the coding region for the major coat protein (MCP) is stable for any one species (e.g. EHNV).
Survival and Dormancy of Mycobacterium aviumsubsp. paratuberculosis in theEnvironment
TLDR
A dps-like genetic element and relA, which are involved in dormancy responses in other mycobacteria, are present in the M. avium subsp.
Polymorphisms in IS1311, an insertion sequence common to Mycobacterium avium and M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis, can be used to distinguish between and within these species.
TLDR
In isolates of M. paratuberculosis from cattle the IS1311 gene was polymorphic at position 223, which enabled isolates from sheep and cattle to be distinguished by PCR-REA, which will be used to enhance disease control programmes for Johne's disease in ruminants.
Progress towards understanding the spread, detection and control of Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis in animal populations.
TLDR
Greater understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of M a paratuberculosis infection is critical in order to design improved diagnostic strategies, assess the feasibility of eradication and develop control options, particularly in small ruminants.
Iridovirus infections in finfish - critical review with emphasis on ranaviruses.
TLDR
In this review, aspects of the agent and diseases caused by ranaviruses are contrasted with those due to megalocytiviruses to promote accurate diagnosis and characterization of the agents responsible.
PCR-restriction endonuclease analysis for identification and strain typing of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium based on polymorphisms in IS1311.
TLDR
These simple and rapid tests can be used on a range of diagnostic samples for the confirmation of Johne's disease and will be of benefit in control and eradication programmes for this disease.
Typing of IS 1311 polymorphisms confirms that bison (Bison bison) with paratuberculosis in Montana are infected with a strain of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis distinct from that
TLDR
The epidemiology of paratuberculosis in bison in Montana appears to be distinct from that in cattle and other farmed livestock investigated thus far, and rapid differentiation of these strains from each other and from S strains from sheep is possible using polymerase chain reaction and restriction endonuclease analysis.
Distribution and Host Range of Ranaviruses
TLDR
FV3 is the type species of the genus Ranavirus, and appears to be the most globally distributed species infecting ectothermic taxonomic across three vertebrate classes.
Molecular typing of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis strains from different hosts and regions.
TLDR
There are genetic differences between Map isolates related to geographic and host factors that have a potential use in the epidemiological tracing of new paratuberculosis isolates.
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