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Scale and species richness: towards a general, hierarchical theory of species diversity
Aim Current weaknesses of diversity theory include: a failure to distinguish different biogeographical response variables under the general heading of diversity; and a general failure of ecologicalExpand
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An Update of Wallace’s Zoogeographic Regions of the World
Next-Generation Biogeography In 1876, Alfred Russel Wallace mapped the zoogeographical regions of the world, based on the distributions and taxonomic relationships of broadly defined mammalianExpand
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Reducing uncertainty in projections of extinction risk from climate change
Aim  Concern over the implications of climate change for biodiversity has led to the use of species–climate ‘envelope’ models to forecast risks of species extinctions under climate change scenarios.Expand
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Conservation biogeography: assessment and prospect
There is general agreement among scientists that biodiversity is under assault on a global basis and that species are being lost at a greatly enhanced rate. This article examines the role played byExpand
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Net primary productivity allocation and cycling of carbon along a tropical forest elevational transect in the Peruvian Andes.
The net primary productivity, carbon (C) stocks and turnover rates (i.e. C dynamics) of tropical forests are an important aspect of the global C cycle. These variables have been investigated inExpand
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Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity?
As rates of deforestation continue to rise in many parts of the tropics, the international conservation community is faced with the challenge of finding approaches which can reduce deforestation andExpand
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The island species–area relationship: biology and statistics
Aim  We conducted the most extensive quantitative analysis yet undertaken of the form taken by the island species–area relationship (ISAR), among 20 models, to determine: (1) the best-fit model, (2)Expand
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Beyond scarcity: citizen science programmes as useful tools for conservation biogeography
Aim  We assess whether and how datasets collected by the general public, so-called citizen science programmes, can improve biogeographical studies and contribute to large-scale conservationExpand
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A reconstruction of Palaeo-Macaronesia, with particular reference to the long-term biogeography of the Atlantic island laurel forests
Macaronesia is a biogeographical region comprising five Atlantic Oceanic archipelagos: the Azores, Madeira, Selvagen (Savage Islands), Canaries and Cape Verde. It has strong affinities with theExpand
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Species Diversity--Scale Matters
The marked gradient in species diversity between the equator (where it is highest) and the poles (where it is lowest) suggests a simple environmental explanation for this phenomenon. However, as Expand
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