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EVOLUTION OF SPRINT SPEED IN LACERTID LIZARDS: MORPHOLOGICAL, PHYSIOLOGICAL, AND BEHAVIORAL COVARIATION
TLDR
Among the 13 species or subspecies of lizards in the present study, differences in the optimal temperature for sprinting closely matched interspecific variation in median preferred body temperature, indicating correlated evolution of thermal physiology and thermal preferences. Expand
Ecomorphological analysis of trophic niche partitioning in a tropical savannah bat community
TLDR
Comparisons of three species with highly specialized feeding habits with the rest of the species in the community indicate that specialization into these niches comes at the expense of bite performance and, hence, may result in a reduction of the trophic niche breadth. Expand
Fight versus flight: physiological basis for temperature-dependent behavioral shifts in lizards
TLDR
Differences in the physiological properties of jaw versus limb muscle were observed that enhance the ability of the jaw muscle to generate maximal force at all temperatures tested, showing how behavioral responses may be determined by the limitations set by temperature on physiological processes. Expand
Rapid large-scale evolutionary divergence in morphology and performance associated with exploitation of a different dietary resource
TLDR
How lizards have rapidly evolved differences in head morphology, bite strength, and digestive tract structure after experimental introduction into a novel environment is shown, providing a compelling example of how the invasion of a novel habitat can evolutionarily drive multiple aspects of the phenotype. Expand
Bipedalism in lizards: whole-body modelling reveals a possible spandrel.
TLDR
'whole body' mechanical modelling is used to provide an alternative solution to the riddle of lizard bipedalism, showing how simple mechanical models based on morphological, ethological, ecological and phylogenetic data can add to discussions in evolutionary biology. Expand
Spatio-temporal gait characteristics of level and vertical locomotion in a ground-dwelling and a climbing gecko.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that very little adjustment in gait characteristics is made by either species when they are forced to move on their non-habitual substratum and this common strategy suits climbing (fixed spatial variables, no floating phases) rather than level locomotion. Expand
Spatio-temporal gait characteristics of the hind-limb cycles during voluntary bipedal and quadrupedal walking in bonobos (Pan paniscus).
TLDR
Comparison with data deduced from the literature shows that the effects of walking speed on stride length and frequency are similar in bonobos, common chimpanzees, and humans, which suggests that (at least) within extant homininae, spatio-temporal gait characteristics are highly comparable, and this in spite of obvious differences in mass distribution and bipedal posture. Expand
SPEED AND STAMINA TRADE-OFF IN LACERTID LIZARDS
TLDR
It is concluded that the evolution of sprint capacity may be constrained by the need for endurance capacity and vice versa, but the design conflict underlying this trade-off has yet to be identified. Expand
Omnivory in lacertid lizards: adaptive evolution or constraint?
TLDR
The data show that omnivorous lacertid lizards possess modifications of these traits that allow them to successfully exploit plant material as a food source, suggesting that the evolution towards herbivory is only mildly constrained by functional trade‐offs. Expand
Evolutionary trade‐offs in locomotor capacities in lacertid lizards: are splendid sprinters clumsy climbers?
TLDR
It is concluded that in the sample of lacertid lizards, the evolution of fast sprinting capacity on level terrain has not inflicted major restrictions on climbing and clambering performance. Expand
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