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Predictive functional profiling of microbial communities using 16S rRNA marker gene sequences
The results demonstrate that phylogeny and function are sufficiently linked that this 'predictive metagenomic' approach should provide useful insights into the thousands of uncultivated microbial communities for which only marker gene surveys are currently available.
Metagenomic analysis of stressed coral holobionts.
- R. V. Vega Thurber, Dana Willner-Hall, F. Rohwer
- Environmental Science, BiologyEnvironmental microbiology
- 1 August 2009
Structural and functional changes in coral microbial communities were evaluated and low-abundance Vibrio spp.
Chronic nutrient enrichment increases prevalence and severity of coral disease and bleaching
- R. V. Vega Thurber, D. Burkepile, Corinne Fuchs, A. A. Shantz, Ryan McMinds, Jesse R. Zaneveld
- Environmental ScienceGlobal change biology
- 1 February 2014
Experimental evidence that chronic nutrient exposure leads to increases in both disease prevalence and severity and coral bleaching in scleractinian corals, the major habitat-forming organisms in tropical reefs is presented and simple improvements to water quality may be an effective way to mitigate some coral disease epizootics and the corresponding loss of coral cover in the future.
Metagenomic analysis indicates that stressors induce production of herpes-like viruses in the coral Porites compressa
- R. V. Vega Thurber, K. Barott, F. Rohwer
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 25 November 2008
It is shown that Porites compressa corals contain a suite of eukaryotic viruses, many related to the Herpesviridae, and that herpes-like viruses are common in Cnidarians.
Responses of Coral-Associated Bacterial Communities to Local and Global Stressors
- Jamie M. McDevitt‐Irwin, J. Baum, M. Garren, R. V. Vega Thurber
- Environmental ScienceFront. Mar. Sci.
- 15 August 2017
The evidence presented here supports the hypothesis that microbial communities play important roles in ecological resilience, and encourages a focus on the microbial contributions to resilience for future research.
Macroalgae Decrease Growth and Alter Microbial Community Structure of the Reef-Building Coral, Porites astreoides
Overall, this study found that competition between corals and certain species of macroalgae leads to an altered coral microbiome, providing a potential mechanism by which macroalgal-coral interactions reduce coral health and lead to coral loss on impacted reefs.
Survival and settlement success of coral planulae: independent and synergistic effects of macroalgae and microbes
- M. Vermeij, J. E. Smith, C. Smith, R. V. Vega Thurber, S. Sandin
- Environmental ScienceOecologia
- 1 March 2009
It was found that the presence of algae reduced survivorship and settlement success of planulae, and settlement was unsuccessful in treatments containing antibiotics, suggesting that benthic microbes may be necessary to induce settlement.
Viral Outbreak in Corals Associated with an In Situ Bleaching Event: Atypical Herpes-Like Viruses and a New Megavirus Infecting Symbiodinium
- A. Correa, T. Ainsworth, S. Rosales, A. Thurber, Christopher R. Butler, R. V. Vega Thurber
- BiologyFront. Microbiol.
- 22 February 2016
It is suggested that viral outbreaks may be a common but previously undocumented component of natural bleaching events, particularly following repeated episodes of multiple environmental stressors.
Phylogenetic, genomic, and biogeographic characterization of a novel and ubiquitous marine invertebrate-associated Rickettsiales parasite, Candidatus Aquarickettsia rohweri, gen. nov., sp. nov
The genome, phylogenetics, and biogeography of a ubiquitous and novel Rickettsiales species that primarily associates with marine organisms, and it is hypothesized that nutrient enrichment, which is increasingly common on coral reefs, encourages unrestricted growth of “Ca. rohweri” in its host by providing abundant N-rich metabolites to be scavenged.
Effects of predation and nutrient enrichment on the success and microbiome of a foundational coral.
- Elizabeth C Shaver, A. A. Shantz, Ryan McMinds, D. Burkepile, R. V. Vega Thurber, B. Silliman
- Environmental Science, BiologyEcology
- 1 March 2017
It is suggested that in the several months following coral transplantation or disturbance, Caribbean acroporid corals appear to be highly susceptible to negative effects caused by predators, but not or not yet susceptible to nutrient enrichment despite changes to their microbial communities.