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Phylogenomic analyses unravel annelid evolution
It is shown that phylogenomic analyses of 34 annelid taxa, using 47,953 amino acid positions, recovered a well-supported phylogeny with strong support for major splits and Ancestral character trait reconstructions indicate that these clades show adaptation to either an errant or a sedentary lifestyle. Expand
The genetic structure of natural and reintroduced roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) populations in the Alps and central Italy, with reference to the mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of Europe
The analysis of mitochondrial DNA in the roe deer can be used to identify recently reintroduced animals in the western Alps which clearly cluster within the Eastern European group, thus providing an important tool for conservation and management strategies for this species. Expand
Human evolution in a variable environment: the amplifier lakes of Eastern Africa
Abstract The development of the Cenozoic East African Rift System (EARS) profoundly re-shaped the landscape and significantly increased the amplitude of short-term environmental response to climateExpand
Ten polymorphic autosomal microsatellite loci for the Eider duck Somateria mollissima and their cross‐species applicability among waterfowl species (Anatidae)
We describe the isolation and characterization of the first microsatellite loci specifically developed for the Common Eider duck, Somateria mollissima. Our 10 loci show Mendelian inheritance and noExpand
Mitochondrial DNA variation in the European otter (Lutra lutra) and the use of spatial autocorrelation analysis in conservation.
The genetic population structure in and around a known "source" population of the otter, the Oberlausitz in eastern Germany, and a first survey of genetic variation levels in the Central European otter population suggest vital local populations can indeed serve as "sources" for the invasion of surrounding areas. Expand
What determines the densities of feeding birds on tidal flats? A case study on Dunlin, Calidris alpina, in the Wadden Sea
Densities of dunlin were generally highest on low muddy substrates, but a preference for high sandy substrates was found in late summer, and a relatively high proportion of shrimps, Crangon crangon,was found in the diet of dunlins. Expand
Audience effect alters mating preferences in a livebearing fish, the Atlantic molly, Poecilia mexicana
It is highlighted that the social environment has an important effect on male mate choice decisions, and even the mere visual presence of a conspecific competitor can affect the expression of mating preferences. Expand
Molecular characterization of MHC class II in a nonmodel anuran species, the fire-bellied toad Bombina bombina
The characterization of the first MHC class II B cDNA sequences from a nonmodel anuran species, the European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina), and a first phylogenetic analysis of this gene in amphibians are provided. Expand
Diversification of Ponto-Caspian aquatic fauna: morphology and molecules retrieve congruent evolutionary relationships in Pontogammarus maeoticus (Amphipoda: Pontogammaridae).
Morphological divergence largely followed patterns of genetic divergence and grouped samples according to the basin of origin and corroborated the close phylogenetic affinity between Caspian and Azov Sea lineages, highlighting the necessity of careful evaluation of evolutionary trajectories in marine taxa that should certainly not be inferred from the current geographical proximity of sea basins alone. Expand
Full mitochondrial genome sequences of two endemic Philippine hornbill species (Aves: Bucerotidae) provide evidence for pervasive mitochondrial DNA recombination
The first complete mt genome of the avian family Bucerotidae is presented, i.e., that of two Philippine hornbills, Aceros waldeni and Penelopides panini, and concerted evolution between the duplicated fragments within individuals is discovered. Expand