The Simons Genome Diversity Project: 300 genomes from 142 diverse populations
It is demonstrated that indigenous Australians, New Guineans and Andamanese do not derive substantial ancestry from an early dispersal of modern humans; instead, their modern human ancestry is consistent with coming from the same source as that of other non-Africans.
Natural selection shaped regional mtDNA variation in humans
- D. Mishmar, E. Ruiz-Pesini, D. Wallace
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 30 December 2002
It is concluded that selection may have played a role in shaping human regional mtDNA variation and that one of the selective influences was climate.
Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
It is shown that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west Europeanhunter-gatherer related ancestry.
Reconstructing Native American Population History
It is shown that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America.
Mitochondrial DNA variation in Koryaks and Itel'men: population replacement in the Okhotsk Sea-Bering Sea region during the Neolithic.
- T. Schurr, R. Sukernik, Y. B. Starikovskaya, D. Wallace
- BiologyAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Results were consistent with colonization events associated with the relatively recent immigration to Kamchatka of new tribes from the Siberian mainland region, although remnants of ancient Beringian populations were still evident in the Koryak and Itel'men gene pools.
Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in Indigenous Populations of the Southern Extent of Siberia, and the Origins of Native American Haplogroups
The data suggest that the immediate ancestors of the Siberian/Beringian migrants who gave rise to ancient (pre‐Clovis) Paleoindians have a common origin with aboriginal people of the area now designated the Altai‐Sayan Upland, as well as the Lower Amur/Sea of Okhotsk region.
mtDNA variation of aboriginal Siberians reveals distinct genetic affinities with Native Americans.
The hypothesis that the first humans to move from Siberia to the Americas carried with them a limited number of founding mtDNAs is supported and that the initial migration occurred between 17,000-34,000 years before present.
mtDNA diversity in Chukchi and Siberian Eskimos: implications for the genetic history of Ancient Beringia and the peopling of the New World.
- Y. B. Starikovskaya, R. Sukernik, T. Schurr, A. Kogelnik, D. Wallace
- BiologyAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
- 1 November 1998
The sequence-divergence estimates for haplogroups A, C, and D of Siberian and Native American populations indicate that the earliest inhabitants of Beringia possessed a limited number of founding mtDNA haplotypes and that the first humans expanded into the New World approximately 34,000 years before present.
Mitochondrial genome diversity in arctic Siberians, with particular reference to the evolutionary history of Beringia and Pleistocenic peopling of the Americas.
The dual origin and Siberian affinities of Native American Y chromosomes.
Data suggest that Native American male lineages were derived from two major Siberian migrations, which contributed to the modern genetic pool of the Na-Dene and Amerinds of North and Central America.