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ARC Assembly and Continental Collision in the Neoproterozoic East African Orogen: Implications for the Consolidation of Gondwanaland
Some of the most important, rapid, and enigmatic changes in our Earth’s environment and biota occurred during the Neoproterozoic Era (1000540 million years ago; Ma). Paramount among these changes areExpand
Crustal evolution in the East African Orogen: a neodymium isotopic perspective
The East African Orogen (EAO) is one of Earth’s great collision zones, where East and West Gondwana collided to form the supercontinent ‘Greater Gondwana’ or ‘Pannotia’ at the end of NeoproterozoicExpand
Subduction zone infancy: Examples from the Eocene Izu-Bonin-Mariana and Jurassic California arcs
A new model for the earliest stages in the evolution of subduction zones is developed from recent geologic studies of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana (IBM) arc system and then applied to Late JurassicExpand
Subduction initiation: spontaneous and induced
  • R. Stern
  • Geology, Psychology
  • 15 October 2004
Abstract The sinking of lithosphere at subduction zones couples Earth's exterior with its interior, spawns continental crust and powers a tectonic regime that is unique to our planet. In spite of itsExpand
The Saharan metacraton
This article introduces the name “Saharan Metacraton” to refer to the pre-Neoproterozoic––but sometimes highly remobilized during Neoproterozoic time––continental crust which occupies theExpand
Late Cryogenian-Ediacaran history of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: A review of depositional, plutonic, structural, and tectonic events in the closing stages of the northern East African Orogen
Abstract During the late Cryogenian–Ediacaran (650–542 Ma), the Arabian–Nubian Shield (ANS) underwent final assembly and accretion to the Saharan Metacraton concurrent with the assembly of easternExpand
Geochemical mapping of the Mariana arc‐basin system: Implications for the nature and distribution of subduction components
[1] A new ICP-MS database for glasses from the Mariana Trough, together with published and new ICP-MS data from the Mariana arc, provides the basis for geochemical mapping of the Mariana arc-basinExpand
The Najd Fault System, Saudi Arabia and Egypt: A Late Precambrian rift‐related transform system?
The Najd Fault System is a complex set of left-lateral strike-slip faults and ductile shear zones that strike NW-SE across the Precambrian of Arabia and Egypt. This system was developed during theExpand
Continental lithosphere of the Arabian Plate: A geologic, petrologic, and geophysical synthesis
Abstract The Arabian Plate originated ∼ 25 Ma ago by rifting of NE Africa to form the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea. It is one of the smaller and younger of the Earth's lithospheric plates. The upper partExpand